Silent Letters. \”I hate spelling! \” \”Why don\’t we spell like we speak? \” \”Why are there so many letters we don\’t pronounce? \”
knee, knock, half, calm, wrist, write, plumber, daughter, though, island. Silent letters are the letters in words that are not pronounced but make a huge difference to the meaning and sometimes the pronunciation of the whole word. б Most of these silent letters were pronounced for centuries then they became silent but the spelling was already fixed with these spellings, and now they show the history of the word. The bad news is that more than 60% of English words have silent letters in them which can cause all sorts of problems with spelling the word or looking for it in a dictionary. The good news is there are some rules about what letters are silent before or after certain letters ( but like all English spelling rules there are exceptions to the rule). б Silent letters aren\’t there to mess with your brain – honest. They\’re there for various reasons and so identifying and understanding them will definitely help your spelling, writing and confidence. 1. They help the reader to distinguish between homophones (homophones have the Same sound but different meaning and different spelling and there are loads of these nightmare words in English) in/inn, be/bee,to/too/two, know/no, whole/hole, knot/not, 2.
A silent letter can help us work out the meaning of the word and it also can change the pronunciation even though it\’s silent – sin/sign, rat/rate 3. Magic \’e\’ – if you add \’e\’ at the end of short vowel sound words it elongates the sound – rid/ride, cop/cope, hat/hate, tap/tape, at/ate, mat/mate, ( ). 4. Sometimes people might pronounce certain letters or they might not depending on their accent, for example the t in \’often\’ can be pronounced or not. 5. H is silent in a lot of accents. For me h is a difficult letter to pronounce because I grew up dropping the hand my muscle memory doesn\’t like it at all! But the H is silent in some words from French – hour, honest, honour, heir, herb (in American) 6. They show the origins and history (etymology) of a word. One way to start to love spelling and improve it is to take an interest in words, to discover the logic in the spelling system and to understand the background and history of words, and this especially true for learning silent letters. Continental islands are bodies of land that lie on the of a continent. Examples are, and off ;, and off ;, and off ;, and off ; and, and off. A special type of continental island is the microcontinental island, which is created when a continent is. Examples are and off, the, and some of the.
Another subtype is an island or formed by deposition of tiny rocks where water current loses some of its carrying capacity. This includes:, which are accumulations of or islands formed in or midstream within large rivers. While some are transitory and may disappear if the volume or speed of the current changes, others are stable and long-lived. are very small islands. Oceanic islands are islands that do not sit on continental shelves. The vast majority are in origin, such as in the. The few oceanic islands that are not volcanic are in origin and arise where plate movements have lifted up the ocean floor above the surface. Examples are in the Atlantic Ocean and in the Pacific. One type of volcanic oceanic island is found in a volcanic island arc. These islands arise from volcanoes where the of one plate under another is occurring. Examples are the, the, and most of in the. The only examples in the Atlantic Ocean are some of the and the. Another type of volcanic oceanic island occurs where an reaches the surface. There are two examples:, which is the world\’s second largest volcanic island, and. Both are in the Atlantic. A third type of volcanic oceanic island is formed over volcanic. A hotspot is more or less stationary relative to the moving above it, so a chain of islands results as the plate drifts.
Over long periods of time, this type of island is eventually \”drowned\” by and eroded, becoming a. Plate movement across a hot-spot produces a line of islands oriented in the direction of the plate movement. An example is the, from to, which continue beneath the sea surface in a more northerly direction as the. Another chain with similar orientation is the ; its older, northerly trend is the. The southernmost chain is the, with its northerly trending part the atolls in the nation of. is an example of a hotspot volcano in the Atlantic Ocean. Another hot spot in the Atlantic is the island of, which was formed in 1963. An is an island formed from a that has grown on an eroded and submerged volcanic island. The rises to the surface of the water and forms a new island. Atolls are typically ring-shaped with a central. Examples are the in the Pacific and the in the. Approximately 45,000 islands with an of at least 5 hectares (12 acres) exist. Examples include, and. islands include and and islands such as. The socio-economic diversity of tropical islands ranges from the societies in the interior of, and to the high-tech lifestyles of the city-islands of and. International is a significant factor in the economy of many tropical islands including Seychelles, and the.