Why did the white Americans win the West? White Americans won the West because everything was on their side. The Native Americans fought bravely, but the odds were completely against them. Little Bighorn – the massacre of Custer\’s regiment caused thousands of \’Custer\’s Avengers\’ to join up, and it made the US Army determined to hunt down and destroy the Native American warriors. Lies – the US government made promises which it later broke. Economy – the US government had unlimited men and money. After the Little Bighorn, the Sioux had to disband their army because the land could not support so large a group for long. Technology – the US Army had access to repeating rifles, machine guns, cannons and the telegraph. The Native Americans had to buy rifles, and used smoke signals to communicate. Railroads – thousands of white Americans and US soldiers could travel to the West in hours by railroad. Slaughter of the buffalo – after the 1870s, white hunters destroyed the buffalo, not only for their hides, but partly to destroy the Native Americans, whose way of life depended on these animals. By 1895, less than a thousand buffalo remained on the Great Plains. The US Army was too big and strong for the Native American warriors. It controlled the Plains from a system of forts. Reservations destroyed the Indian way of life, because people on them were forced to become farmers.
Many warriors became alcoholics. The influence of the chiefs declined, because the reservations were run by agents. The Code of Religious Offences destroyed the Native American religion, and the Dawes Act ended community ownership. Education – the Indian boarding schools (which the children were made to attend) forced Native American children to become \’white\’. They were beaten if they even whispered in their own language – the motto of one school was. Now try a
It was a famous victory for the Native American Indians and crushing defeat that led to the deaths of General George Custer and his US Army battalion. Interesting Battle of Little Bighorn facts for kids are detailed below. The history of Battle of Little Bighorn is told in a factual sequence consisting of a series of short facts providing a simple method of relating the history and events of the Battle of Little Bighorn. Where was it fought? The location was Little Bighorn River in Montana When was it fought? On June 25, 1876. It was a major conflict in Great Sioux War, also known as the Black Hills War, of 1876 – 1877 Who fought the conflict? The Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapaho warriors, all tribes of the Northern Plains, fought against the United States 7th Cavalry How many fought in the conflict? 1500 Native American Indians against 700 soldiers of the US Army Who were the leaders of the 7th Cavalry?
General George Custer was in command. Other US officers involved in the conflict were Marcus Reno, James Calhoun and Frederick Benteen Who were the leaders of the Native Indians? Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse and Chief Gall What caused the conflict? The encroachment of white settlers on Indian land due to the discovery of gold in the Black Hills and the threat of relocation to Indian reservations The Second Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868) had guaranteed the Native American Indians exclusive possession of the Dakota territory. When the Indians refused to sell the land and the US broke the treaty The government attempted to buy the lands in 1875, the Native Indians refuse the offer, the Black Hills gold rush begins and hostilities against the natives are ordered by the War Department Custer seriously underestimated the size of the Native American Indian forces who totaled 1500 against the US Army of 700. The conflict was referred to as \’Custer\’s Last Stand\’. General Custer also made the assumption that the Native Indians would flee rather than fight Custer abandoned the original plans of a joint attack between himself, Captain Benteen and Major Reno and the US battalions split into three groups The larger force of Native Indians, led by Chief Sitting Bull, attack General Custer and the outnumbered 7th Cavalry.
The conflict lasts for under one hour and Custer and his men are all killed. Sitting Bull survived the conflict and died in 1890 during the. A total of 231 US soldiers died at the Battle of Little Bighorn – all of Custer\’s 7th Cavalry. The deaths on the battlefield included Custer, his two brothers (Tom Custer and Boston Custer) his brother-in-law (James Calhoun) and his nephew (Autie Reed). General Alfred H. Terry arrive at the scene of the conflict on 26 June 1876 and his 450 soldiers provide reinforcements to Reno and Benteen. They witness the devastation of the battlefield and the aftermath of the conflict. The bodies of the 7th Cavalry had been stripped of their uniforms and their bodies ritually mutilated. Their bodies were buried at the site of the conflict. The body of General George Custer was later re-interred in West Point Cemetery The Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument (formerly called the Custer Battlefield National Monument) occupies the site of the conflict. The graves of those killed in the conflict are located around a granite monument marking the spot of Custer\’s last stand.