Michelangelo, in full
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, (born March 6, 1475, Caprese, Republic of [Italy]Бdied February 18, 1564, Papal States), Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet who exerted an unparalleled influence on the development of Western art. Michelangelo was considered the greatest living artist in his lifetime, and ever since then he has been held to be one of the greatest artists of all time. A number of his works in, and rank among the most famous in existence. Although the frescoes on the ceiling of the (Vatican; see below ) are probably the best known of his works today, the artist thought of himself primarily as a sculptor. His practice of several arts, however, was not unusual in his time, when all of them were thought of as based on design, or. Michelangelo worked in marble sculpture all his life and in the other arts only during certain periods. The high regard for the Sistine ceiling is partly a reflection of the greater attention paid to painting in the 20th century and partly, too, because many of the artistБs works in other media remain unfinished. A side effect of MichelangeloБs fame in his lifetime was that his career was more fully documented than that of any artist of the time or earlier.
He was the first Western artist whose was published while he was aliveБin fact, there were two rival biographies. The first was the final chapter in the series of artistsБ lives (1550) by the painter and architect. It was the only chapter on a living artist and explicitly presented MichelangeloБs works as the culminating perfection of art, surpassing the efforts of all those before him. Despite such an encomium, Michelangelo was not entirely pleased and arranged for his assistant Ascanio Condivi to write a brief separate book (1553); probably based on the artistБs own spoken comments, this account shows him as he wished to appear. After MichelangeloБs death, Vasari in a second edition (1568) offered a rebuttal. While scholars have often preferred the authority of Condivi, VasariБs lively writing, the importance of his book as a whole, and its frequent reprinting in many languages have made it the most usual basis of popular ideas on Michelangelo and other Renaissance artists. MichelangeloБs fame also led to the preservation of countless mementos, including hundreds of letters, sketches, and poems, again more than of any contemporary.
Yet despite the enormous benefit that has from all this, in controversial matters often only MichelangeloБs side of an argument is known. The Sistine Chapel. A chapel in the Vatican had been built by Pope Sixtus IV, and is therefore called the, this was the next great commission given to Michelangelo. The walls had been decorated by famous painters of the past and the pope wanted the vault of the chamber painted to complete the decoration of the chapel. This work, lasting for four years, was completed with the artist having to lie on his back and paint looking upwards. The work contains over 300 figures and centres on the Book of Genesis, it remains one of the finest examples of one man\’s physical, intellectual and artistic achievement. The Creation of Adam, from the ceiling of The Sistine Chapel. (w) Michelangelo was commissioned by Pope Leo X to build a family funeral chapel for the Medici in the basilica of San Lorenzo one of the largest churches in Florence. In this project the artist created both the sculptures and the plan for interior.
In the 1530s the artist left Florence and returned to Rome. on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel began in 1534, twenty years after the painter had finished the vault, took the artist seven years to complete. The massive fresco was unveiled in a ceremony on October 13th 1541 but the pictures of naked bodies on display in the chapel was considered to be obscene. The pope resisted calls for the fresco to be removed, however it was decided that the genitals should be covered, a work undertaken by Daniele da Volterra an apprentice of the great artist. Perhaps Michelangelo least well-known paintings can be found in a chapel within the Vatican complex, The Pauline Chapel. This series of frescoes, commissioned by Pope Paul III, are sometimes considered to be inferior to the more famous Sistine Chapel works. The two works completed for the Chapel are, The Conversion of Saul and The Crucifixion of St Peter. These paintings did not follow the conventions of composition of the time but they do need to be viewed from within the long narrow chapel to see them at their best.