why was leaning tower of pisa built

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Name:P Tower of Pisa, Leaning Tower of Pisa, Bell Tower of Pisa
Italian Name:P Location:P City of Pisa, Italy. Accommodation:P Find P Construction Year:P started in 1173, finished in 1399 P Original Height:P P Actual Height:P 56. 67m =highest side; 55,86m =lowest side Stairs:P P Weight:P 14,500 tonnes If you want to be sure to see the Tower up close The is located next to the Cathedral of Pisa, in Piazza dei Miracoli (Square of miracles) in the city of Pisa, Italy. Click to find Hotels in the city center of Pisa, near Leaning Tower of Pisa! The building of the leaning Tower of Pisa, and especially its completion, represents the last element in the compliment of the ceremonial complex of monuments that enrich the (Square of miracles). The project included four representative monuments in the city of Pisa, Italy: the Cathedral of Pisa (Il Duomo di Pisa), the Baptistry, the Bell Tower of Pisa, Monumental Cemetery Architecture style The leaning Tower of Pisa is a medieval architecture, in Romanesque style. Construction time The construction of Tower of Pisa began in 1173 and was completed in the 14th century, in 1399 Design It is considered that the architects and engineers who designed the leaning Tower of Pisa are: Bonanno Pisano, Gherardo di Gherardo, Giovanni Pisano, Giovanni di Simone The first phase of Pisa Tower s construction is attributed to Bonanno Pisano or Gherardo di Gherardo. Giovanni Pisano and Giovanni di Simone continued the second phase of the building.

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Tommaso Pisano finished the tower s construction. Pisa got its name in 600 BC from a Greek word meaning marshy land. There are several other towers in Pisa that also lean: the bell tower at the church of St. Michele dei Scalzi, and the bell tower at the church of St. Nicola. The cathedral and baptistery are also sinking. Galileo was baptized in the baptistery in 1565. The foundation of the cemetery, Campo Santo, is made up of 53 shiploads of earth that were brought back from the Hill of Calvary in Jerusalem How tall is the Tower of Pisa? The original completed height of the Tower of Pisa is 60 meters. Actually the towers height is 56. 67m on the highest side and 55,86m on the lowest side. The outside diameter of the leaning Tower of Pisa s base is 15. 484 meters. Width of walls at base is 2. 4384 meters Weight of tower is approximately 14,500 tonnes There are 251 steps from the bottom to the top of the Pisa tower. Other interesting facts can be found on our page. Construction of the tower occurred in three stages over 199 years. Work on the ground floor of the white marble campanile began on August 14, 1173 during a period of military success and prosperity. This ground floor is a articulated by engaged columns with classical Corinthian. [ The tower began to sink after construction had progressed to the second floor in 1178. This was due to a mere three-metre foundation, set in weak, unstable, a design that was flawed from the beginning.

Construction was subsequently halted for almost a century, because the was almost continually engaged in battles with, and. This allowed time for the underlying soil to settle. Otherwise, the tower would almost certainly have toppled. [ In 1198, clocks were temporarily installed on the third floor of the unfinished construction. [ In 1272, construction resumed under, architect of the. In an effort to compensate for the tilt, the engineers built upper floors with one side taller than the other. Because of this, the tower is curved. Construction was halted again in 1284 when the Pisans were defeated by the Genoans in the. [ The seventh floor was completed in 1319. The bell-chamber was finally added in 1372. It was built by, who succeeded in harmonizing the elements of the bell-chamber with the style of the tower. There are seven bells, one for each note of the musical major scale. The largest one was installed in 1655. [ After a phase (19902001) of structural strengthening, the tower is currently undergoing gradual surface restoration, in order to repair visible damage, mostly corrosion and blackening. These are particularly pronounced due to the tower\’s age and its exposure to wind and rain. On January 5, 1172, Donna Berta di Bernardo, a widow and resident of the house of dell\’Opera di Santa Maria, bequeathed sixty to the Opera Campanilis petrarum Sancte Marie. The sum was then used toward the purchase of a few stones which still form the base of the bell tower.

On August 9, 1173, the foundations of the tower were laid. Nearly four centuries later wrote: \”Guglielmo, according to what is being said, in [this] year 1174 with Bonanno as sculptor, laid the foundations of the bell tower of the cathedral in Pisa. \” On December 27, 1233, the worker Benenato, son of Gerardo Bottici, oversaw the continuation of the construction of the bell tower. On February 23, 1260, Guido Speziale, son of Giovanni, a worker on the cathedral Santa Maria Maggiore, was elected to oversee the building of the tower. On April 12, 1264, the master builder Giovanni di Simone and 23 workers went to the mountains close to Pisa to cut marble. The cut stones were given to Rainaldo Speziale, worker of St. Francesco. between 1360 and 1370. One possible known builder of Pisa Tower was. His name appears as a witness to the above legacy of Berta di Bernardo as \”Master Gerardo\”, and as a worker whose name was Gerardo. [ A more probable builder was Diotisalvi, because of the construction period and the structure\’s affinities with other buildings in Pisa, but he usually signed his works, and there is no signature by him in the bell tower. [ Giovanni di Simone was known to be heavily involved in the completion of the tower, under the direction of, who at the time was master builder of the. Di Simone could be the same Giovanni Pisano who completed the belfry tower. [

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