White spots on tongue, whether in children or adults can be caused by a number of reasons ranging from simple infection and tongue injury to serious oral cancer. Let s begin with some of the most common causes. Yeast infection in the form of (or Candidiasis) is the most common cause of developing white spots all over mouth or white coated tongue. White spots on tongue in children, particularly newborn babies are mostly caused by deposits of milk particles leading to his type of such infection. due to bacterial infection by Streptococcus Pyogenes can also be associated with the problem of tiny white spots on tongue. There can either be small white dots on red tongue or red dots on white tongue. When left untreated for long, the condition can also lead to Scarlet
characterized by strawberry tongue, rashes on the neck, upper chest spreading to other parts of the body, enlarged lymph nodes and various other symptoms. Smoking, debauch and prolonged use of certain medicines like antibiotics, immunosuppressing medicines, steroid inhalers etc may also lead to white spots on tounge due to papillae inflammation. Dry mouth and mild dehydration may also give rise to the problem of tongue with white spots or white marks on tongue. Issues like vitamin deficiencies and may also cause changes in the appearance of tongue mostly making it appear pale and smooth. , stress and certain foods like jalapesao, habenaro and certain other spicy and acidic foods tend to worsen any existing white spot on tounge. Besides, development of white patches on tongue can be a sign of Geographical Tongue.
The condition is usually considered harmless but may cause increased sensitivity to some substance. Another benign condition called, Leukoplakia can also lead to the development of thick white dots on tongue that are usually difficult to wipe off. At times, the condition is considered to be a precursor to cancer when accompanied by raised red lesions. Lichen Planus can also cause a similar problem characterized by a network of white lines on the tongue. In most of the cases, the condition heals by itself after some time. When dealing with this chronic condition it is essential to take relevant precautionary measures like avoiding alcohol, spicy foods and acidic foods to avoid aggravation. However, the presence of any unexplained small white spot on tongue though painless in the beginning can also be indicative of Oral Cancer. In such cases, the problems remains persistent even after following numerous remedies. It is often accompanied by a numbing sensation. As the cancer progresses, the condition becomes progressively painful. White spots on tongue, certain types of skin rashes, flu-like symptoms etc are also considered as some of the early signs of HIV infection. How to Get Rid of White Spots on Tongue? Looking for tips on how to treat white spots on the tongue? Here are a few steps to get rid of any tiny white spot on tongue. Gargling with a solution of few drops of tea tree oil mixed in a glass of water is one of the most effective natural remedies for curing this problem. The antimicrobial properties of this oil are highly beneficial in getting rid of white spots under tongue as well.
Glycerin can also be used on any burning white spot on tongue to ease the pain and facilitate the process of healing. The can also be relieved simply by sucking an ice cube. Besides, rinsing with lukewarm saline solution is a popular way of reducing a variety of mouth and. Treatment of white patches on tongue in children due to Oral Thrush can be done through antifungal medicines suggested by doctors. Besides, regular consumption of yogurt helps to cure by restoring the natural flora and fauna of good micro organisms in the body that help fight infections. In case you are wondering how to clean white patch off of the tongue then you can simply use brush the tongue when brushing the teeth or use a tongue scraper. Be careful as to not to do this vigorously. Keeping the tongue clean is highly beneficial in avoid to a great extent. However, in certain cases, white patches on tongue are difficult to wipe off, especially when caused by conditions like Oral Thrush. Taking a balanced diet including papaya, apples and other nutritious foods, maintaining adequate oral hygiene, having sufficient water at regular intervals and restricting alcohol consumption, cigarette smoking etc can help a great deal in dealing with white spots on tongue. If you may have noticed white spots on your tongue, you are not alone. Everyone experiences white spots on their tongue at some point or the other. Since you use your tongue for so many purposes like tasting and talking, it can be rather uncomfortable when you tongue is covered with a white coating.
So, what causes these white spots on the tongue? Here are few possible causes: 1. Oral thrush: This is actually a yeast infection caused by the yeast Candida albicans. This condition is characterized by creamy white lesions on the tongue and inner cheek. The coating has a cottage cheese like consistency and can make it difficult for you to taste the food you eat. If you try to brush or scrape this coating away, it can cause slight bleeding. This condition can be painful and often the infection spreads to the gums, tonsils or roof of the mouth. Thrush is particularly common in breastfeeding infants and gets passed on from the infant to the nursing mother. Breastfeeding women with Candida infection may experience sore nipples and itchy, flaking skin on the breasts. In such cases, your doctor may prescribe a mild antifungal for your baby and an anti-fungal cream for you. You may also be advised to wash your babys pacifiers, feeding bottle nipples and detachable parts of your breast pump in a mild solution of vinegar so as to remove all fungal growth from them. Adults and older children will be advised to take probiotic yogurt or acidophilus capsules. More severe cases may require treatment with antifungal medications which come in cream, tablet, lozenges or liquid form. Maintaining good oral hygiene and rinsing your mouth with warm salt water can help combat thrush. 2. Leukoplakia: This is a condition wherein the cells of the tongue multiply and form white patches on the tongue.
Unlike thrush, these patches cannot be scraped off. Although the exact cause of this condition is unknown, it is seen more frequently in people who use tobacco. Therefore, it may be associated with irritation and inflammation of the tongue. Leukoplakia is not a dangerous condition, but the growth of cells can sometimes become cancerous. Therefore, it is essential to get it checked by a dentist and removed at the earliest possible time. In most cases, stopping the use of tobacco and alcohol is enough to remedy the condition. 3. Oral lichen planus: This is characterized by lacy, white patches in the tongue and inside of the mouth. Sometimes, it can affect the lips and gums also. This condition is usually seen in middle aged people. Most cases are chronic and last for years. But lichen planus is manageable. People with mild symptoms do not need medication. The condition resolves itself when the patient cuts down on alcohol and tobacco and maintains good oral hygiene. Severe cases of lichen planus require treatment with corticosteroids, mouth rinses or immunosuppressant medication. People with oral lichen planus are advice to cut down on spicy foods and refrain from getting too stressed, because this condition is often associated with high stress levels. The cause and cure of those white spots on your tongue can be determined by your doctor after a thorough examination. Some rules like maintaining good oral hygiene and avoiding habits like alcohol and tobacco which irritate the tongue apply for all cases of white spots on the tongue.