Pain on the top of the foot can be caused by different conditions, the most common of which are due to overuse in activities like running, jumping, or kicking. Extensor : This is caused by overuse or tight-fitting shoes. The tendons that run along the top of the foot and pull the foot upwards become inflamed and painful. Sinus tarsi syndrome: This is rare and characterized as an inflamed sinus tarsi, or the channel found between the heel and the bone of the ankle. This condition causes pain in the top of the foot and outside the ankle. Stress fractures of bones in the feet: Pain can result particularly from fractures in the metatarsal bones, which are located in the top of the feet. This injury will likely have swelling as a symptom. , which can cause sudden, intense pain in the joint at the base of the big toe, which are painful growths that form along your joints, in the joints in your feet by your toes, which causes pain, prickling, or numbness that can spread up from the feet into the legs
common peroneal nerve dysfunction, which is the dysfunction of a branch of the sciatic nerve that can cause tingling and pain at the top of the foot, along with weakness of the foot or lower leg There are several causes of pain on the top of the foot.
You will need to know the Exact location of Pain on the Foot and Type of Pain You Have. Sudden onset pain without the occurrence of injury on the top of the foot just behind the toes may be a of a metatarsal bone. There is frequently swelling in the area and it is painful to the touch. Another common area of pain occurs near the middle of the top of the foot, generally a bit to the outside of the foot. In this area of the foot the tendons that go to the toes can become inflamed. This is called One cause of this condition is excessive tightness of the calf muscle. When the calf muscle is tight it places excessive stress on the tendons on the top of the foot that pull the foot upward and against the tightness of the calf muscles.
Wearing a shoe with a one-inch heel will help to take the stress off of the tendons on the top of the foot. Aggressive is also very helpful. Oral anti-inflammatory medications can help. When these measures do not work a should be tried. The orthotic corrects the alignment of the foot taking the stress off of the tendons on the top of the foot. More generalized pain on the top of the foot with swelling or a \”thickness\” to the foot may be caused by degenerative arthritis. This is seen in people with flatfeet or a slowly collapsing arch. Another area of degenerative arthritis that causes pain on the top of the foot is in the area of the big toe joint. Jamming of the joint will cause bone spurring to occur on the top of the foot. Pressure from the shoe can cause pain. Treatment for these conditions consists of taking oral anti-inflammatory medications and functional foot orthotics. Surgery can be an option for the degenerative arthritis about the big toe joint.
Generalized pain in the top of the foot that occurs in children and young adults may be due to a condition called. This pain tends to occur on the outside portion of the top of the foot. A tarsal coalition is the abnormal fusion of two or more bones in the mid portion of the foot. It can be hereditary. It tends to get worse with activity. If not treated in its early stages it can cause significant arthritis in the foot causing a limitation in the person\’s activity. Early diagnosis is made using x-rays and a or. Treatment is with the use of functional orthotics and on occasion surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment is very important. Pain can also occur on the top and inside of the foot. In people who are very active in sporting activities can develop pain in this area. The pain can be due to a stress fracture of one of the bones (Navicular bone) in this area. Diagnosis can sometimes be difficult. X-rays are generally negative and if a stress fracture is present the diagnosis may require a bone scan or.
Treatment consists of rest with a limitation of activity, oral anti-inflammatory medications, below the knee walking casts, functional orthotics or rarely surgical exploration of the area. Yet another area of pain on the top of the foot is just below the ankle joint on the outside portion of the top of the foot. In this area of the foot there is a small fleshy area. This fleshy area is a small muscle called the Extensor Digatorum Brevis. Underneath the muscle there is a small canal between two bones. This area is called the Sinus Tarsi. In this area there are three small ligaments that can become inflamed. A common cause of this pain is due to a flattening of the foot, which pinches these small ligaments. Sometimes there is actual jamming of two bones causing the pain. Treatment consists of to reduce it effect of flattening the foot, oral anti-inflammatory medication, cortisone injections, functional orthotics and occasionally surgical exploration.