Some causes of lower left abdominal pain only affect women. These conditions may be more serious or need medical attention. Pain can also develop on right side of your abdomen in these cases. usually occur before and during your menstrual period. Although the pain can range from a minor annoyance to something that interferes with your daily activities, menstrual cramps usually arenвt serious. youвre With, tissue that typically lines the inside of your uterus also grows outside of the uterus. This can cause abdominal pain and lead to infertility. The cause of endometriosis is unknown. Itвs time to see your doctor when your symptoms are severe and interfere with your daily activities. An is a sac filled with fluid inside or on the surface of an ovary. These are part of a womanвs normal menstrual cycle. Most cysts donвt produce symptoms and go away without treatment in a few months. A large cyst can cause discomfort. It may also press on your bladder and cause you to urinate more often. A cyst that ruptures (breaks open) can cause some serious problems, such as severe pain or internal bleeding. sudden, severe abdominal pain
signs of shock, such as cold and clammy skin, rapid breathing, lightheadedness, or weakness may cause the ovary to change position in a womanвs body.
This raises the risk of ovarian torsion, a painful twisting of the ovary that can cut off blood supply. The fallopian tubes may also be affected. Ovarian torsion is more likely to happen with pregnancy or the use of hormones to promote ovulation. Ovarian torsion isnвt common. When it does happen, itвs usually during a womanвs reproductive years. See your doctor if you feel a sudden severe pain in your abdomen with vomiting. Surgery is often needed to untwist the ovary or remove it. With, a fertilized egg implants itself before it reaches the uterus. This usually happens inside the fallopian tubes connecting the ovary to the uterus. You may or may not have symptoms with an ectopic pregnancy. In addition to abdominal pain, symptoms can include: See your doctor if you have these symptoms and you believe you may be pregnant, even if your pregnancy test is negative and itвs still very early. An ectopic pregnancy that ruptures (breaks open) is serious and needs surgery to repair the fallopian tube.
Get medical help right away if youвre: PID is an in women. Itвs commonly caused by sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, but other types of infections can also lead to PID. You may or may not have symptoms with PID. In addition to abdominal pain, symptoms can include: See your doctor if you think you or your partner have been exposed to an STD or if you have any genital symptoms, such as an unusual sore or discharge. A woman may experience left-sided abdominal pain for a variety of reasons. Some are bothersome but harmless. Others, such as a ruptured ectopic pregnancy, can be immediately life threatening. Your age and medical history can play a major role in helping you determine the most likely causes. For instance, a 60-year-old postmenopausal woman would not experience mittelschmerz, the pain associated with ovulation. If you are experiencing left-sided abdominal pain, your doctor can provide an accurate diagnosis. Various problems in the gastrointestinal system have the potential to cause abdominal pain on the left side.
If you drink alcohol excessively or have gallstones, you are at increased risk of developing an inflamed pancreas, called pancreatitis. Another condition, diverticulitis, typically occurs in middle-aged or older women when pockets in the colon, called diverticuli, become infected. Irritable bowel syndrome commonly causes intermittent abdominal pain beginning in the late teens or early 20s, while most women with inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn disease or ulcerative colitis) start having their symptoms between the ages of 15 and 40. Gastroenteritis, or infectious diarrhea, can strike at any age. A woman may experience pain anywhere along her urinary tract, from her left kidney to the left ureter that drains the kidney to the bladder itself. Common causes of urinary tract pain include a kidney stone, kidney infection or simple bladder infection. Women of menstruating age may experience the pain of mittelschmerz in the middle of their menstrual cycle, around the time they ovulate. Many disorders of the reproductive tract can cause pain as well, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, an ectopic pregnancy, endometriosis, a twisted ovary and ovarian cysts.
A wide variety of unrelated conditions can cause left-sided abdominal pain. For instance, herpes zoster may affect the skin and underlying nerves of many different areas of the body, including the abdomen. A slipped disk in the back can compress the nerves leading to the abdomen, causing pain, and any mass on the left side of a woman\’s abdomen can cause pain by pressing on adjacent abdominal structures. Sometimes when a woman feels pain on the left side of the abdomen, it really originates from a problem elsewhere, such as the heart or lungs. Several warning signs should prompt you to seek medical attention. For instance, a high fever or shaking chills may indicate that you have a serious infection. If you have severe vomiting or diarrhea, you may become dehydrated quickly. Seek urgent medical care if your pain is severe or if you notice signs of internal bleeding, such as stools that are bloody or tarry, or vomit that is bloody or looks like coffee grounds. Reviewed by Mary D. Daley, M. D.