Spitting up differs from vomiting in that it is an effortless return of liquid rather than the result of muscle contractions. Because the throat and nose are connected, the formula or milk sometimes comes out of the nose rather than, or in addition to, the mouth. Almost all infants spit up, mainly because they cannot sit upright during feeding, but the phenomenon also can be a sign of a medical condition that requires treatment, so you should consult your pediatrician for a wellness check. Often, spitting up through the nose is harmless. The valve between the esophagus and the stomach is immature in infants, and sometimes is is not able to keep all of the stomachвs contents in place. If you feed your baby too much at a time, or if your infant eats too fast or swallows air, it can exacerbate the spitting up. Your pediatrician can give you advice about how much and how often to feed your baby to minimize the symptom. Spitting up usually ceases on its own sometime between the ages of 7 and 12 months. Sometimes spitting is related to gastro-esophageal reflux. If the spitting up causes your baby discomfort or if he is not gaining weight at a normal rate, he may require medical intervention. If you see a green colorвcaused by bileвor evidence of blood in the material he spits up, or if the spitting up causes coughing or choking, he needs medical attention. If the spitting up does not stop by early childhood, let your pediatrician know.
A rare condition called pyloric stenosis can cause the sphincter muscle at the bottom of a baby\’s stomach to become abnormally tight and may prohibit liquid from passing out of the stomach into the intestines. This condition is persistent and the spitting up becomes progressively worse. It requires medical intervention, but it can be treated effectively. If your babyвs spitting up is intermittent, it likely is not the result of pyloric stenosis, but if the phenomenon is persistent, bring it to your pediatrician\’s attention. The material that your baby spits up may irritate her nose, but this does not pose a serious medical concern. If she spits up a large amount of liquid, there is a possibility that she is not retaining sufficient nourishment to support her growth. You should monitor her growth and weight gain as well as developmental milestones. Your pediatrician can help you determine if she is developing on schedule or if intervention is needed. To reduce the likelihood of your baby spitting up, feed him before he gets very hungry and try to keep him in an upright position during and after feeding. Holding works best because an infantвs position in a car seat actually can make the condition worse. Burp him every three to five minutes during feeding. If you use a bottle, check the nipple to ensure it only lets out a few drops at a time under pressure or when you turn it upside down.
This will help ensure your baby doesnвt eat too fast. Smaller, more frequent feedings also can help reduce spitting up episodes.
Most babies small amounts from time to time, and bring up some milk when they. This is known as possetting and is usually nothing to worry about. But if your baby is often sick, or if he vomits large quantities, it can be a cause for concern. Here are some possible causes of this type of vomiting. Reflux The long name for is gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR). Babies get reflux because the muscular valve at the end of the food pipe, which keeps food in the stomach, is still developing. This means that when your baby s tummy is full, food and stomach acid can flow back up his food pipe. Reflux may cause your baby to bring up a little milk after a feed, and can also give him hiccups. He may occasionally cough after bringing up milk if a little has gone down the wrong way. This is normal and, as long as your baby is otherwise well, you don t need to worry. However, a more severe case of reflux can cause your baby to be sick, often after. He may cry and cough a lot too. If your baby isn t feeding well or seems upset, see your. She may prescribe an antacid designed for babies, or possibly a feed thickener that can be added to or formula. Cow s milk allergy or intolerance If your baby s to cow s milk, it means his immune system reacts to cow s milk proteins.
An means he has difficulty digesting lactose, which is the natural sugar found in milk. Cow s milk proteins and lactose are found in many. They ll also make their way into your if you eat or drink milk or other dairy products, such as cheese and yoghurt. If your baby has a cow s milk allergy or intolerance, he may vomit after feeding. It can be difficult to tell the difference between this and reflux. But if your baby has problems with cow s milk, he may also have: trouble If you re worried that your baby has problems with cow s milk, there are steps you can take. If you breastfeed your baby, you could ask your doctor about cutting cow s milk from for a while. If your baby s formula-fed, trying a hypoallergenic formula may help. Talk to your doctor before trying either of these, though. She ll want to check your baby s symptoms first, so she can be sure of what s causing them. If your doctor suspects that your baby does have a cow s milk allergy or intolerance, she may refer him to a specialist. A stomach bug If your baby s vomiting begins suddenly, or if he also has, he may have a tummy bug such as gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection. If you think this could be the case, contact your doctor. She may ask for a sample of your baby s poo to find out the best way to treat your baby. Vomiting and diarrhoea mean your baby is losing precious fluids.
These fluids must be replaced, to prevent. Give your baby sips of an oral rehydration solution (ORS), a few times an hour. Your doctor or pharmacist will be able to advise you about which solution is best for your baby. You can give it to him alongside his usual breastmilk or full-strength formula, and water. An illness or infection Your baby may be vomiting because he has an infection or illness. If so, you may notice other signs of illness too, such as: a an It can also be a symptom of more serious illnesses such as, which require quick treatment. So take your baby to the doctor straight away if you re at all concerned. Pyloric stenosis This is a rare condition that can cause your baby to vomit forcefully within half an hour of feeding. Pyloric stenosis is most likely to begin when your baby is about six weeks old, but could show up at any time before he reaches. It can sometimes run in families, and boys are about four times more likely to get it than girls. Pyloric stenosis happens because the muscle controlling the valve leading from the stomach into the intestines has thickened. This prevents the valve from opening up enough to let food and milk through, so it stays in the stomach or comes back up. The problem is easily corrected with minor surgery. See your doctor if you think your baby has pyloric stenosis. Learn more in our article.