why do you get acne during puberty

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Nonprescription (\”over the counter\”) topical treatments: \”Topical\” means that you put these products on your skin. They\’re not pills. These include, and sulfur. These treatments are available in many forms including gels, lotions, creams, soaps, and pads. When these products are used regularly, they are moderately effective in. It may take 4-8 weeks for skin to improve. Prescription topical treatments: These include, azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide,–ítazarotene, and. Prescription oral drug treatments: For people with moderate to severe acne, doctors often prescribe oral
(pills) in addition to topical medication. Oral antibiotics are thought to help control acne by curbing the growth of bacteria, thereby decreasing. They are usually taken daily for four to six months and then tapered and discontinued as acne improves. The most potent oral drug, (Absorica, Amnesteem, Claravis, Myorisan and Zenatane), is usually taken once or twice a day for 16 to 20 weeks.

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It is believed to reduce the size of the oil glands so that much less oil is produced and to help prevent clogged pores. That curbs the growth of acne-causing bacteria. Because of the risk of, women of childbearing age must not be pregnant and must not become pregnant while taking isotretinoin. In office treatments: Cysts can be treated with a series of intralesional injections. A red light therapy can be used to decrease inflammation and bacteria on the skin. A salicylic acid peel can be used to unclog the pores. Here are tips that may help control acne. Don\’t over-wash or use harsh scrubs. Acne is not caused by dirt. Two gentle washings a day is enough. Too much cleaning can leave skin irritated and dry, triggering glands to produce more oil, increasing the likelihood of pimples. Use oil-free or noncomedogenic products (those that won\’t clog pores) on your face. Don\’t squeeze or pick blemishes. Popping pimples can drive acne bacteria deeper into the skin.

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Picking can lead to more inflammation and permanent scarring. Don\’t let acne define who you are. Do what you can to improve your skin, working with a dermatologist, if necessary, and keep doing the things you enjoy. –í 2016 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved. Puberty occurs in young people and signals a time when a person becomes sexually mature, according to FamilyDoctor. org. Many changes take place during puberty, including the growth of breasts and beginning of menstruation in girls and the change of voice and development of testicles in boys. Another part of puberty can be the development of acne as hormone swings contribute to increased oil production. When a person goes through puberty, the brain releases a hormone known as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), according to TeensHealth. The hormone then travels to the pituitary gland and signals this gland to release two additional hormones that affect a girl\’s or boy\’s body differently.

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This results in growth and development, production of hair under the arms and pubic area, and acne. According to FamilyDoctor. org, girls may begin puberty as early as age 6 to 7, but typically at 11. Boys begin as early as age 9, but typically around age 12. At this time, hormones may trigger acne production almost immediately, according to TeensHealth. This acne may continue throughout the teenage years and may begin to disappear as hormones become more regulated during the post-teen years. Increased production of hormones signals the body to produce more sebum, which is a form of oil that develops in the pores. While oil can be beneficial in keeping the skin soft, excess production can cause oil to build up in the hair follicles, which results in acne pimples. Bacteria also may begin to grow in the hair follicles, which can further exacerbate acne. Acne comes in several different shapes and sizes. Pimples are the red bumps that occur when the wall of the hair follicle breaks and swells, containing the excess oil and sebum.

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Whiteheads are the stage before pimples when oil and dead skin cells plug the hair follicle, but it does not erupt. The top of a whitehead appears like a white pin dot, while a blackhead resembles a black pin dot and contains oil as well. The most severe forms of acne are nodules and cysts, which occur when the hair follicle wall breaks deep down in the skin. Eradicating acne during puberty begins with developing a good hygiene routine. Daily cleansing in the morning and at night can help to remove excess dirt and oils from the skin. Over-the-counter acne medications, such as those containing salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide, also may help to reduce acne lesions. If severe acne is experienced during puberty, a physician may prescribe a stronger acne medication, such as Accutane, or even birth control pills for girls, which may help to better control hormone fluctuations.

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