Of all the minor complications of pregnancy, vaginal thrush has to be one of the most common. In fact, most women have had at least one episode of vaginal thrush in their lives long before they are pregnant. Thrush is also known by its other names Б vaginal candidiasis, moniliasis or just plain old thrush. It is more common in pregnancy than in any other time. But be reassured, there is no evidence that thrush in pregnancy is harmful to the developing baby. The surge of hormones, alterations in the vaginal Ph, change in
and general metabolic changes during pregnancy means that thrush is experienced by more women. Most women are pretty familiar with the symptoms of vaginal thrush. At the first symptom they are able to recognise it and are keen to seek treatment so that it can go away. Thrush isnБt so much painful as very irritating. Women who have thrush four or more times in a year are said to have recurrent thrush. Alternative treatment options may be necessary if, during your pregnancy, you find it does not clear up with conventional treatment. What causes vaginal thrush? A yeast organism is responsible for causing thrush; this is known as Candida Albicans. Candida is a simple, one celled organism which is easy to get and not so easily to clear up. Most women have thrush cells known as Candida ssp lying dormant on their skin and within their vagina. These are kept in check by БgoodБ bacteria. If the conditions are right, such as being run down, being pregnant or taking antibiotics, this can cause the healthy numbers of Candida cells to multiply and develop into a full blown thrush infection. Once youБve had a thrush infection, it can lie dormant in your body, just waiting for the right conditions to flare up again.
During pregnancy, the Ph of the vagina becomes more alkaline and less acidic. Essentially, it becomes more sugary and the glycogen in the vaginal cells becomes a food source for the yeast. This is why women who have uncontrolled diabetes tend to have more thrush infections. An increased vaginal discharge often occurs during pregnancy, leading to a permanently moist environment. Thrush thrives in warm, moist conditions and the vagina is a perfect environment for it to multiply. Hormonal changes during pregnancy, in particular a high level of oestrogen also contribute. Women who have a weakened immune system or who are taking steroid medication or having chemotherapy can also be at a greater risk of getting vaginal thrush. What are the symptoms of vaginal thrush? A vaginal discharge which is white and has a cottage cheese like consistency. Intense vaginal itching which makes it hard to concentrate on anything else. Vaginal soreness and irritation. Pain, scalding and burning when weeing, especially if there is swelling of the vaginal tissues and labia. Will thrush harm my baby? There is no evidence which suggests that thrush will harm an unborn baby. But if a mother has thrush when she gives birth, the baby can get it as well. Babies who develop thrush have white plaques or patches in their mouth and sometimes a nappy rash. They can also contract thrush if they are and their mother has thrush on her nipples. Will having thrush mean I canБt get pregnant? No, thrush does not affect fertility or increase your chances of having pregnancy complications. It is limited to the mucousal areas of the vagina and the surrounding skin. Will Vaginal Thrush Harm my Baby?
No, thrush will not harm your baby. Occasionally, babies can develop oral thrush if they are born vaginally and their mother has a thrush infection at the time as the birth. Babies can also develop a nappy rash which is caused by thrush. Both of these conditions are treatable and respond very quickly to specific creams and drops. Thrush does not migrate up into the uterus and it is generally restricted to the vaginal and surrounding tissues. Having vaginal thrush is not a sign of poor hygiene or being unclean. It is an incredibly common condition, which, once recognised, is easily treated and managed. Speak with your health care professional and/or pharmacist about treatments. Youвre more likely to experience thrush in pregnancy as your hormones changes causing an imbalance. You should let your doctor or midwife know if youвre displaying symptoms. What is Thrush? is usually nothing to worry about, and you can expect it to increase during pregnancy due to having more blood flowing to the area as the pregnancy advances. However if the amount of discharge increases or the appearance of the discharge changes you might be experiencing thrush. Why do I have Thrush? The cause of thrush is down to a fungus called candida albicans that is present in everyone s body. It s usually found in the digestive system and is will be kept in check by the good bacteria you have ensuring a balance. Thrush occurs when that balance shifts, creating an imbalance that allows the candida albicans fungus to flourish. You re more likely to get thrush during your pregnancy as hormonal changes make the vagina rich in glycogen which acts as a food for thrush and helps it thrive. Although not classed as a sexually transmitted disease (STD), it s possible to pass on or get thrush from sleeping with someone displaying the symptoms.
What are the symptoms of Thrush? The discharge changes appearance, becoming thick, white and creamy. It may remain fairly odourless or might smell of yeast What should I do if I think I have Thrush? If you re displaying symptoms of thrush in pregnancy, it s best to let your doctor or midwife know. Your doctor will be able to help with the diagnosis and may take a swap to be sent for further tests. How is Thrush treated? Thrush in pregnancy will be treated differently to non-pregnant women, and it s possible that if you have it during your your doctor might not prescribe any medication until you re into your. The treatment you will receive for thrush in pregnancy is different from the treatment for non-pregnant women and it may not get rid of it for you. Do not take medicines that need to be swallowed to treat thrush if you are pregnant, they can be harmful to your baby. Avoid over washing the area around your vagina, and try to avoid using soap, instead use a soap substitute Avoid using products that might irritate your skin, and ensure that you re washing your clothing and underwear in non-biological washing powder Can Thrush harm my baby? Thrush itself will not harm your baby, however certain treatments for thrush have the potential to. If you re pregnant and experience thrush it s advised you see your doctor who will be able to discuss your options and prescribe the right treatment for you. There is a small chance if you have the infection during labour that you will pass thrush to your baby, in which case both you and your baby will require treatment.