Why should we conserve forests and wildlife? в Wildlife and the forests are the measure of the biodiversity of a particular region. By conserving the wildlife and forest we are ensuring that all diverse species in an area survive, breed and flourish. в Conservation of wildlife and forests is vital for the ecological stability of a particular area. в It is important that we conserve wildlife and forests which we have inherited because they constitute our most precious wealth. в Forests are the habitat for wildlife and they are an important constituent of the various food chains and food webs.
Forests are needed for the smooth functioning of biogeochemical cycles. в Forests are necessary for the formation of humus and for maintaining soil fertility. в Forests puri air and protect the earth from greenhouse effect by removing carbon dioxide and converting it into oxygen. Thus forests protect us from the harmfril effects of global warming. в Many industries such as the sport equipment industry paper industry, lac manufacturing industry, the timber industry and furniture industry depend on forests. в Forests provide a place for the local people for their animals to graze and provide them with many useful products such as fire wood, fishing, hunting and agricultural implements. в Many fruits, medicines, dyes, sandalwood and bamboo is obtained from forests by the local people. в Forests provide employment to a large number of people and also help in generating revenue.
Why do we need to conserve forest and wildlife resources?
Explain any three reasons.
Ans. (i) These resources provide a variety of essential environmental services like production of oxygen, reduction of carbon dioxide, maintaining the hydrological cycle, etc. (ii) These resources are essential for preserving ecological processes like fixing and recycling of nutrients in the soil, watershed protection, circulation and cleansing of air and water, etc. (iii) Human beings utilise the plant and animal resources for. their long term survival, e. g. milk from cows, cotton for making clothes etc.