A dentist usually recommends braces to improve a patient\’s \”orofacial\” appearance. Through orthodontic treatment, problems like crooked or crowded teeth, overbites or underbites, incorrect jaw position and disorders of the jaw joints are corrected. If left untreated, these problems can result in tooth decay, gum disease, headaches and earaches, as well as speaking, biting or chewing problems. When is the right time for braces? Patients with orthodontic problems can benefit from treatment at nearly any age. An ideal time for placement of braces is between 10 and 14 years of age, while the head and mouth are still growing and teeth are more accessible to straightening. However, because any adjustments in facial appearance can be traumatic to a child during these sensitive years, parents should discuss the matter with their children before braces are applied. And braces aren\’t just for kids. More and more adults are also wearing braces to correct minor problems and to improve their smiles. What kind of braces will I have to wear? Your dentist will know what appliance is best for your particular problem, but you often have a choice. Braces generally come in three varieties: The most popular type are brackets, metal, ceramic or plastic, that are bonded to teeth. Ceramic brackets are typically clear or tooth-colored and are far less noticeable than metal brackets. Lingual, or concealed, braces are brackets that attach to the back of teeth, hidden from view. Both types of braces use wires to move the teeth to the desired position. A new alternative to traditional braces is a series of clear, customized, removable appliances called aligners. Not only are these braces invisible, but they also are removable so they won\’t trap food and plaque between your teeth like metal braces.
You\’ll wear each aligner for about two weeks and only remove it for eating, brushing and flossing. This may be an option for adults with mild spacing problems. Invisible aligners are not appropriate for children and adolescents who are still waiting for permanent teeth. How long will I have to wear braces? That depends upon your treatment plan. The more complicated your spacing or bite problem is, and the older you are, the longer the period of treatment, usually. Most patients can count on wearing full braces between 12 and 24 months, followed by the wearing of a retainer to set and align tissues surrounding straightened teeth. Will treatment be uncomfortable? The interconnecting wires of traditional braces are tightened at each visit, bearing mild pressure on the brackets or bands to shift teeth or jaws gradually into a desired position. Your teeth and jaws may feel slightly sore after each visit, but the discomfort is brief. Keep in mind also that some teeth may need to be extracted to make room for teeth being shifted with braces and for proper jaw alignment. For patients with aligners, there may be some soreness as your mouth adjusts to each new plastic tray. Do I have to avoid any foods or personal habits? Yes. Cut down on sweets, chips and soda. Sugary and starchy foods generate acids and plaque that can cause tooth decay and promote gum disease. Cut healthy, hard foods like carrots or apples into smaller pieces. Sticky, chewy sweets like caramel can cause wire damage and loosen brackets. Avoid hard and crunchy snacks that can break braces, including popcorn, nuts and hard candy. More don\’ts: ice cube chewing, thumb sucking, excessive mouth breathing, lip biting and pushing your tongue against your teeth. What about home care of my teeth with braces?
With braces, oral hygiene is more important than ever. Braces have tiny spaces where food particles and plaque get trapped. Brush carefully after every meal with fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush. Rinse thoroughly and check your teeth in the mirror to make sure they\’re clean. Take time to floss between braces and under wires with the help of a floss threader. Have your teeth cleaned every six months to keep your gums and teeth healthy. Insufficient cleaning while wearing braces can cause enamel staining around brackets or bands. Who will provide my orthodontic treatment? Your general dentist is responsible for coordinating your dental treatment, and this could encompass any orthodontic treatment plan, including diagnosis, examinations and some orthodontic procedures. Your dentist may, however, refer you to an orthodontist a specialist trained in the development, prevention and correction of irregularities of the teeth, bite and jaws and related facial abnormalities.
When not addressed properly orthodontic problems can have a negative impact on your oral health, which is why we put this short report together. It s very important to be able to identify early symptoms of orthodontic problems, especially in children, and get in for a consultation with an orthodontist as soon as possible to determine whether any action will need to be taken, either now or in the future. Review the 5 signs that you may need braces below and if any of the signs apply to you or your child, we welcome you to book a free consultation with one of our orthodontists to help you create an orthodontic plan and determine whether any action is necessary. P 1. Crowding Crowding is the most common reason to seek orthodontic treatment, especially in kids. Crowding basically means that there is insufficient space in the mouth for all the teeth.
Without the proper room for all those teeth, the teeth crowd each other resultingPin crooked teeth. Unfortunately, crowding tends to get worse over time andPcan make even the simple task of brushing and flossing more complicated,Prequiring more time and effort to clean all teeth properly. PSevere crowding may result in areas that are virtually impossible to clean. This can cause plaque accumulation which in turn causes tooth decay, bad odor, gum disease, and bone loss around teeth. Orthodontic treatment at a young age will help align and straighten teeth in order to avoid future oral pain and health issues, andPreduce the risk of cavities and gumPdisease. However, crowding can also be fixed as an adult in order to repair any damage that s already been caused and to avoid any future problems. P 2. Overbite An overbite refers to the vertical and horizontal overlap of the front teeth. The severity of the overbite can vary but an overbite is usually noticeable when the front teeth stick out much farther than the bottom teeth. An increasedPoverbite may cause the following issues and oral health problems:P Complications and reduced longevity of dental restorative work such as cosmetic fillings,Pcrowns and veneers. P 3. Crossbite A crossbite is an abnormal bite in which the upper tooth is behind the lower opposing tooth. If left untreated, this problem may cause:P 4. Underbite An underbite is an abnormal bite in which all the upper front teeth are behind the lower front teeth. This sign is usually associated with disproportionate jaw size and may cause the following issues:P 5. Openbite An openbite is an abnormal bite in which the front teeth do not touch. This may cause:P Speech problems, such as lisps