The Prophet\’s Birthday, or Milad un Nabi as it is commonly known in Muslim culture, is celebrated in most of the Muslim countries and in India as well. The day is celebrated to commemorate the birth of the Prophet Muhammad. It is celebrated in the third month of the Islamic calendar. While the Shias celebrate it on the 17th of the month, the Sunnis celebrate on the 12th of the month, according to the Islamic calendar. The date of this festival varies in the Gregorian calendar. The celebration of Prophet\’s birthday is believed to have its origins on the 8th century when the Prophet Muhammad\’s birth house was converted into a house of prayer by Al-Khayzuran. Al-Khayzuran was the mother of a caliph, Harun-al-Rashid.
Originally, the festival was celebrated by the Shias. Centuries ago, the day was celebrated with animal sacrifices and huge processions during the day which culminated by a speech by the rulers. Gifts were also offered to those in power. It was somewhere in the 12th century that the Sunnis adopted this festival, although with a different date. Although the celebration of the festival was met with some resistance in the Sunnis, the festival came to be adopted in large numbers by the 15th century and by the beginning of the 20th century, it began to be observed as a national holiday in many regions of the world.
The Milad un Nabi or Malwid is celebrated in different ways in different parts of the world. For example, in Pakistan, it is celebrated with the raising of the national flag on national monuments followed by a gun salute at dawn. In some other parts of the world, the festival is observed with large processions and a carnival like atmosphere. There is an atmosphere of bonhomie and people can be seen exchanging gifts and distributing food to the poor. The day is celebrated with the offering of prayers by thousands in mosques and the mosques being decorated with lights. This is a public holiday in most of the Muslim countries.
SHOULD WE CELEBRATE EID MILAD UN NABI SAW? As we all know that our beloved Prophet Muhammad PBUH was born in Islamic month of Rabi Ul Awal.
Prophet Muhammad PBUH was sent as a blessing for all mankind to show right path to humanity for success in this world and in hereafter. On 12th date of Rabi Ul Awal many Muslims specially in Subcontinent celebrates Eid Milad Un Nabi as birthday of Prophet Muhammad SAW. The question is should we Celebrate Eid Milad Un Nabi SAW? to know that we will have to look back in the history that whether Prophet SAW himself celebrated his birthday? Or His Companions celebrated his birthday?? the answer is simply no. Prophet SAW or his Sahaba never celebrated their birthdays.
There are only two Eids in Islam according to Quran and Sunnah that are Eid Ul Adha and Eid Ul Fitr. Eid Milad Un Nabi is a new invention whose no reference is available in Quran or Hadith. Prophet Muhammad SAW has clearly prohibited to invent any new thing in Islam and called it bidah. Rasool Allah SAW said Every innovation is a misguidance and every misguidance goes to Hell fire. The sad fact of today s Muslim Ummah is that many of us has started doing many new works in name of Islam that are no where present in Quran or Hadith but the important things about which Quran and Hadith have guided us again and again are not followed by us.