Before MacDougall was able to publish the results of his experiments,
broke the story in an article titled \”Soul has Weight, Physician Thinks\”. MacDougall\’s results were published in April of the same year in the, and the medical journal. Following the publication of the experiment in American Medicine, physician Augustus P. Clarke criticized the experiment\’s validity. Clarke noted that at the time of death there is a sudden rise in body temperature as the lungs are no longer cooling blood, causing a subsequent rise in sweating which could easily account for MacDougalls missing 21 grams. Clarke also pointed out that, as dogs do not have sweat glands, they would not lose weight in this manner after death. Clarke\’s criticism was published in the May issue of American Medicine. Arguments between MacDougall and Clarke debating the validity of the experiment continued to be published in the journal until at least December that year. MacDougall\’s experiment has been the subject of considerable skepticism, and he has been accused of both flawed methods and outright fraud in obtaining his results.
Noting that only one of the six patients measured supported the hypothesis, has stated the experiment is a case of, as MacDougall ignored the majority of the results. Kruszelnicki also criticized the small, and questioned how MacDougall was able to determine the exact moment when a person had died considering the technology available at the time. Physicist has written that MacDougall\’s experiments \”are not regarded today as having any scientific merit\”, and psychologist wrote that \”because the weight loss was not reliable or replicable, his findings were unscientific\”. Professor said that within the scientific community, the experiment is confined to a \”large pile of scientific curiosities labelled \’almost certainly not true\’\”. An article by in 2013 said the experiment was flawed because the methods used were suspect, the sample size was much too small, and the capability to measure weight changes too imprecise, concluding: \”credence should not be given to the idea his experiments proved something, let alone that they measured the weight of the soul as 21 grams. \” The fact that MacDougall likely poisoned and killed fifteen healthy dogs in an attempt to support his research has also been a source of criticism. wrathofkahn To live is to learn.
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