Food-based fats and oils are predominantly triglycerides, with three fatty acids attached to a glycerol backbone. The chemical structure of the fatty acids determine whether the fat is monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, saturated or trans. Both monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids have fewer hydrogen atoms connected to the carbon chain of the molecule, making them flexible enough to be liquid at room temperature. Saturated fats, in contrast, contain the maximum number of hydrogen atoms the carbon chain can hold, which renders them rigid. Trans fats are also inflexible, having had additional hydrogens artificially added to a formerly unsaturated fat.
The more saturated a fat is, the worse it can be for your health. However, eating too much of any kind of fat can still be bad for you.
Carbs are not bad. Its the kind of carbs you eat that can cause a variety of health disorders. It is the simple carbohydrates (sugar, refined flour foods) that promote the over-secretion of insulin that offsets rising blood sugar levels and can ultimately cause individuals to become insulin resistant and possibly develop diabetes. Effective diets for insulin resistant persons eliminate the use of sugar and simple carbohydrates, call for a reduction in saturated fats and reduce the inclusion of processed food into our meal plan.
Instead they substitute whole grains, vegetables, some fruit and fish. Insulin regulators (appetite suppressants) include the following: chromium (a mineral that stabilizes blood sugar and increases metabolic rate); gymnema sylvestre (an herb that reduces the sweet flavor of food reducing desirability); magnesium (a mineral that assists in maintaining blood sugar levels and combats fatigue); and fenugreek (an herb that supports healthy glucose metabolism. ) People whose diets have consisted of primarily refined carbohydrates not only leave themselves open for diabetes, but also can set themselves up for hypertension (high blood pressure) and high cholesterol.
All of these conditions can occur as a result of a refined carbohydrate diet and insulin resistance. Together they are known as Syndrome X, and they increase the individual\’s risk of heart disease. Chronically high levels of insulin increase the craving for carbohydrates, so, if you can\’t stay away from hot-fudge sundaes, you may want to have a check-up by your doctor.