Why do orthodontists use rubber bands with braces? Rubber bands are an important part of the orthodontic treatment; they provide the connective force necessary to move the teeth and jaw into the proper alignment. There are
First, there are the brackets, which are the square metal pieces bonded directly to the teeth. Through these brackets runs the archwire, which, when attached to the brackets, provides the force that helps move the teeth. Connecting the archwire to the brackets are the ligatures. Ligatures are the little rubber bands that are wrapped around the individual braces to hold the arch wire in place. They are the part of the braces kids mind wearing the least, because they get to pick the colors. These rubber bands stay on between visits; the orthodontist will change them each time the wire is tightened or the braces are adjusted. The final part of braces are interarch rubber bands, which are used to adjust bite and jaw position. These are connected to the brackets with hooks, often connecting the top tooth bracket with the bottom tooth bracket to help adjust the position of the teeth in the mouth and the position of the jaw. Interarch rubber bands help to ensure that your child\’s teeth will line up properly.
These must be removed during meals as well as when cleaning teeth and orthodontic brackets. In addition, they are typically replaced daily because of the wear they endure. Not every child who gets braces will need interarch rubber bands, as it depends on the child\’s existing jaw alignment and what the orthodontist recommends to the patient and their parents based upon the models of the teeth and the recommended treatment. WEARING YOUR ELASTICS (RUBBER BANDS) Wearing rubber bands improves the fit of your upper and lower teeth and/or jaws – the bite. Rubber bands align your bite and are very important for the bite-fixing phase of orthodontic treatment, which is usually the longest and most difficult part of the whole process. Our high-tech braces and wires will straighten your teeth relatively quickly, it is the aligning/fixing of the bite (the way your teeth and jaws fit together – overbite correction for example, as shown in picture to the right) that usually takes longer and determines when you re ready to get the braces off. Your full cooperation and commitment with the rubber bands is required and will lead to the best possible orthodontic result in the shortest amount of time.
Yes, rubber band wear is vital to successful treatment, so always strictly follow the instructions and regiment we give you for wearing your elastics. You should wear your elastics constantly, twenty-four hours a day including when you eat a snack, play, and sleep, unless otherwise instructed, taking them out to brush, floss, put new elastics in, and very occasionally to eat. Most of the time you should eat with your elastics in and replace them with fresh ones after the meal. In fact, when you are eating you re really putting your rubber bands to work and your teeth will move even faster! But, if they really get in your way during a big meal you may need to remove them, even though we urge you to keep them in if you can, especially during casual snacking. You should also wear them when you sleep. Every morning, discard the previous day s elastics and replace them with fresh elastics from the packet we have provided for you. If you play sports keep your elastics in unless you need to wear a mouth-guard. After removing your mouth-guard, put the elastics back in. You should change your elastics 3-4 times a day, at the very least every 12 hours, even if they are not broken, because after a while they lose their strength and elasticity.
It usually takes a couple of days to get used to putting in your elastics and at first you might need to use a mirror, but after a little practice you ll be able to hook them up with your eyes closed. If for any reason you run out or lose your supply of elastics, call or email the office and we will have a new supply waiting for you at the reception desk, or we ll mail them to you. Before you leave the office, be absolutely sure you understand where to hook the elastics. To help you with this, before you leave we will give you a handout that has a diagram indicating what teeth you need to hook the rubber bands to. Placing them incorrectly can be even worse than not wearing them at all because your teeth might move in the wrong/opposite direction. If you ever have any questions on how to wear your elastics or may have lost the handout with the diagram that we gave you, please do not hesitate to call, email, or just stop by the office and ask us. Wearing rubber bands, especially at first, can be confusing! This is an important phase of your therapy. Failure to wear your elastics full time or as instructed will lengthen your treatment time and will make it more difficult to achieve an optimal result.
It s normal for your mouth, teeth, and jaws to be a little sore for the first few days to a week of wear. Furthermore, if you wear your elastics only intermittently (NOT full time) you will have constant discomfort because your teeth don t have a chance to get used to them, so be sure to keep the elastics in FULL TIME! Wearing your elastics for several hours, and then taking them off for awhile, then putting them back on, etc. , will make your teeth more resistant to moving in the right direction and slow down or stop your treatment progress. In addition to NOT moving the teeth, this part-time wear will keep your teeth constantly sore. Just do the right thing and wear them 24/7! NEVER DOUBLE UP ON YOUR ELASTICS, even if you skip a day of wear. It may seem to make sense, but will actually SLOW DOWN tooth movement and your progress. If you have any questions about your elastics, what they do, or how to wear them, please be sure to ask us. We want your orthodontic treatment to go as quickly and smoothly as it can with the best result obtainable. Proper rubber band wear is a big step towards successful completion.