Twelve-year-old Cindy woke up one morning and felt familiar pain in her lower belly. She knew what it was and grumbled, \”Oh, no. Here comes another period. \”
Cindy started her period over a year ago. She\’s learned to handle using pads and tampons, but the cramps are really bothering her. Sometimes Cindy feels so bad that all she can do is lie down. Let\’s find out what cramps are and what to do if you\’re a girl who gets them. What Are Period Cramps? Lots of girls experience cramps before or during their periods. Cramps are caused by prostaglandins (say: pross-tuh-GLAN-dinz), chemicals a girl\’s body produces to make the muscles of the uterus contract. The contracting muscles help push the blood out through a girl\’s vagina during her. You probably know periods usually come once a month. Sometimes, younger girls aren\’t that regular, so they may skip a month. But as a girl\’s periods get more regular, cramps are more likely. They can be mildly annoying to extremely painful, and they usually last for a few days. Cramps may worry some girls at first if they don\’t know they\’re often a normal part of having a monthly period. Some girls are more likely to have cramps. They include: It may seem weird that cramping would be, but it appears to be true.
If other girls and women in your family are crampers, you might be a cramper, too. You might want to ask a female relative like your older sister, cousin, mom, aunt, or grandmother if she had cramps with her periods. You\’ll still be cramping but at least you\’ll know you\’re not alone! And the good news is that cramps often get better the older you get. In the meantime, a girl wants to stay comfortable. Some cramps are noticeable but don\’t really get in the way of a girl\’s normal routine. Other cramps might make a girl feel lousy and less able to do stuff. For bothersome cramps, a girl can talk with her mom or dad about taking a pain reliever. Check with a doctor to find out about pain relievers and other treatments that can reduce cramps. If you get them, don\’t let cramps sneak up on you! It\’s best to start taking slightly in advance of the cramps. Your mom or dad can help you decide when to start taking pain relievers and give you the correct dose of the medicine. A parent also can set a schedule so you can take another dose of pain reliever at the right time. You\’ll want to take it before school, for instance, and maybe have it on hand at school so the nurse can give you a dose at the right time. By taking pain relievers on a schedule at the beginning of your period, you can keep cramps away so you can go about your normal day without feeling awful.
What else can you do? Exercise! Being physically active can ease cramps, probably because exercise releases endorphins, chemicals in the body that make you feel good. Eating right and getting enough sleep also can keep you feeling your best. Some girls say putting a warm water bottle or compress on their belly helps them feel better if they have cramps. A nice warm bath is another option. Ahh. feel those cramps just floating away. If you have mild menstrual cramps, take or another pain reliever, such as, or. For best relief, you must take these as soon as bleeding or cramping starts. Heat can also help. Place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower back or tummy. Taking a warm bath may also provide some relief. Rest when needed. Avoid foods that contain and salt. Not use or drink alcohol. your lower back and. Women who regularly often have less menstrual pain. To help prevent cramps, make a part of your weekly routine. If these steps do not relieve pain, tell your doctor, in case you need medicines such as: Oral (Women taking have less menstrual pain. ) Primary dysmenorrhea means that your cramps are due to your cycle.
Secondary dysmenorrhea is the term your doctor may use if you have a problem in your reproductive organs that causes your cramps. Several conditions can cause it: is a condition in which the tissue lining the uterus (the ) is found outside of the uterus. (PID) is an infection caused by bacteria that starts in the uterus and can spread to other reproductive organs. Stenosis (narrowing) of the, which is the lower part of the uterus, can be caused by scarring, as well as a lack of after. The inner wall of the uterus may have (growths). If you have severe or unusual menstrual cramps, or cramping that lasts for more than 2 or 3 days, tell your doctor. Menstrual cramps, whatever the cause, can be treated, so it\’s important to get checked. Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms and menstrual cycles. YouБll get a, in which your doctor will use a tool called a speculum to see into your and cervix. She may take a small sample of vaginal fluid for testing, and use her fingers to check your uterus and for anything that doesnБt feel normal. If it turns out that your cramps arenБt due to your period, you might need other tests to find the right treatment. б 2017 WebMD, LLC. All rights reserved.