It is the amount of calories we eat that contributes to weight gain. Make small changes. Correct your portions so you are eating an amount that meets your needs but no more. Using a smaller plate helps you manage your portions while having a plate that looks full so you feel more satisfied. Also, avoid snacking. But when you are too hungry to wait for your next meal, stick to fresh fruit (for a sweet fix, or raw vegetables for satisfying crunch). This is a sure way to reduce the total amount of calories you consume each day, and the best method to avoid snacking on foods that offer only empty calories, and the likelihood of weight gain. Find cookbooks that show you how to make healthier recipes of your favorite dishes. For a little fun, take our
to see how well you know the carb content of certain foods; this can help you make healthier choices. Work with a registered dietitian who specializes in diabetes to help you set reasonable goals, and to develop an eating plan to works with you schedule and needs.
Physical activity can help with weight loss, and in the article on, you can learn about how to start an exercise plan. Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder where the body does not use energy properly. One of the symptoms of diabetes is sudden and unexplained weight loss. Excessive hunger and thirst are two other symptoms, and patients with untreated diabetes may find themselves losing weight even as they are eating and drinking more than usual. There are several reasons why people with diabetes lose weight, but to better understand why weight loss occurs, you need to explore how diabetes affects the body. Under normal circumstances, your body converts food into sugar during the digestive process. The sugar enters your bloodstream and the pancreas, a small organ behind the liver, release a chemical known as insulin.
Insulin tells all the cells in the body to take sugar from the blood and convert it to energy, which the cells use as fuel. There are two types of diabetes mellitus — type 1 and type 2. With type 1 diabetes, the body either does not make insulin, or it does not make enough, and the cells never get the chemical signal to absorb sugar from the blood. With type 2 diabetes, the body makes insulin but the cells do not respond to the chemical signals, or they respond incorrectly. In both instances, the sugar stays in the bloodstream, where the body is unable to use it for energy. When the cells are unable to use sugar for energy, they send a signal to the brain that they need more fuel. The brain then triggers the hunger response to encourage you to eat, hence the excessive hunger that often occurs with diabetes.
However, the more you eat, the more sugar ends up in your bloodstream instead of in the cells, where it belongs. You kidneys then have to work overtime to clear the sugar from your blood through the urine. Your kidneys have to use a lot of water to flush out the sugar, hence the excessive thirst. In addition to triggering the hunger response, the brain also breaks down muscle tissue and fat in an effort to provide energy for the cells. It is this process that causes the sudden weight loss associated with diabetes. If the condition continues, untreated, the body can go into ketoacidosis, according to БThe Principles of Anatomy and Physiology. Б In ketoacidosis, the body produces chemicals called ketones from breaking down fats too quickly. These ketones enter the bloodstream and make the blood acidic, which can cause organ damage and even death.