Because rainforests are an absolutely essential resource: Indigenous people have thrived in rainforests since the beginning of time, their lives and spirituality are inextricably linked to the plants, animals and flow of life in this rich environment. They help us to learn what we need to know about the rainforest. Many of them are facing extinction as the rainforests diminish. Almost half of the prescribed drugs that are used in the USA come from rainforest plants. Children with leukemia are treated with a drug from a rainforest flower.
Malaria and heart disease are treated with some medicines made from rainforest plants. Without the rainforest to soak up rain and release it slowly, floods and droughts become more common. Global warming and climate change are accentuated. Rainforests are a place for migratory birds to live during harsh Northern winters. Many species of birds, animals, and plants will not be able to find the right conditions they need in order to live, and they will become extinct.
Costa Rica is a very small country in Central America, with its widest point being only 185 miles across. It is smaller than West Virginia but contains approximately 500,000 species of animals, birds, and plants.
Forests can be managed effectively without endangering rare species of plants and animals and without risking global environmental damage. Companies that harvest timber should not be allowed to clear cut large areas of forest and should be required to plant new trees after they cut old trees down.
Governments should create large parks and reserves where hunting and logging are not allowed. As a world community, we must be careful not to destroy the resources that people will need in the future. Many animals from the rainforests are brought to our country illegally. Parrots and iguanas, for example, are often imported illegally. We should not buy these animals, since that encourages other people to bring in more animals.