It\’s that time of year again where we turn the clocks backwards and all get one hour more in bed! The clocks will be going backward on Sunday 29 October at 2am – so you will probably be fast asleep tucked up in bed when it happens. When the clocks change like this, we are moving from what is called British Summer Time (BST) – also known as Daylight Saving Time (DST) or GMT+1 – back to Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). In 2016 it was a particularly special year as it marked 100 years since we first changed our clocks like this. Once you\’ve had a read about why we do this, have a go at our quiz at the end to see how much you\’ve managed to remember. Whose idea was it to change the clocks? An American politician and inventor called Benjamin Franklin first came up with the idea while in Paris in 1784. He suggested that if people got up earlier, when it was lighter, then it would save on candles.
Benjamin Franklin, who first came up with the idea of moving the clocks according to daylight
But it arrived in the UK after Coldplay singer Chris Martin\’s great-great-grandfather, a builder called William Willett, thought it was a good idea too. In 1907, he published a leaflet called The Waste of Daylight, encouraging people to get out of bed earlier. Willett was a keen golfer and he got cross when his games would be cut short because the Sun went down and there wasn\’t enough light to carry on playing. When did we start changing our clocks? The idea of moving the clocks forwards and backwards was discussed by the government in 1908, but many people didn\’t like it so it wasn\’t made a law. Willett spent his life trying to convince people that it was a good idea, but it was only introduced in the UK in 1916 – a year after he died.
It was actually first introduced by the Germans in World World One, just before the UK did it. During World War Two, the UK actually used what was called British Double Summer Time (BDST), when the clocks were ahead by an extra hour during the summer. But this didn\’t last for very long. Now, the UK\’s clocks always go back by one hour on the last Sunday in October and forward by one hour on the last Sunday in March. Moving clocks like this is now done in some countries across the world, but many still don\’t do this. What do people think of it? Many people have different opinions about whether we should change our clocks like this. Some think having BST is a good thing because it saves energy, by making better use of natural daylight, and helps to reduce traffic accidents. Others don\’t like it because they argue that it doesn\’t actually save any energy, and it can make it darker when children are going to school in the morning, which can be dangerous.
They also think it is not very good for our health. to see how much you\’ve remembered about this! TWICE every year Britain s clocks change by an hour with people either gaining or losing one hour of sleep. In 2018P on March 25. Here s what it is all about. HavePI gained or lost an hour of sleep? When the clocks go forward in March we will lose an hour of sleep. The clocks will go forward one hour at 1am. But be aware, while your smartphone and other internet-connected devices will automatically update, many clocks in your home and car will not. So it is best to do a check of your watches and clocks to avoid turning up an hour late for whatever you might be doing. Why do the clocks go forward for British Summer Time? BST came into existence with the Summer Time Act, passed by Parliament in 1916.
Germany was the first country to adopt the clock-changing plan on April 30, 1916, and on May 21, Britain followed suit, during the height of the First World War. in a bid to stop people wasting valuable hours of light in the summer months. In summer the sun rises and sets one hour later than it would without DST. Fortunately, the clocks going back means you get an extra hour sleep In a pamphlet called The Waste of Daylight Willett suggested clocks should be advanced by 80 minutes over four stages in April, and reversed the same way in September. Supporters at the time of the proposal argued the scheme would save energy by reducing domestic coal consumption. They also said it would increase supplies available for the huge manufacturing cost of the war effort. It has been in place ever since despite criticism from some groups.