The is conferred to Filipinos with \”exquisite contribution to Philippine art\”. The artists are chosen by the
(Philippines) and the. The Order is given by the President of the Philippines. Awardees of the National Artist of the Philippines Order, for Literature, include: 1976 в, National Artist for Literature 1982 в, National Artist for Literature 1990 в, National Artist for Literature 1997 в, National Artist for Literature 1997 в, National Artist for Theater and Literature 1997 в, National Artist for Music and Literature 1999 в, National Artist for Literature 2001 -, National Artist for Literature 2003 в, National Artist for Literature 2003 в, National Artist for Literature 2006 в, National Artist for Literature 2009 в, National Artist for Literature 2014 в, National Artist for Literature Ancient peoples of the Philippines, being descendants of the balangay -borne migrants from Maritime Southeast Asia, were known for their navigational skills.
Some of them used similar to those used among maritime communities of and traders of, although most had no need for such devices. In modern times, some fishermen and traders in the, and are still able to navigate long distances over open water without the use of modern navigational instruments. Philippine ships, such as the karakao or korkoa were of excellent quality and some of them were used by the in expeditions against rebellious tribes and Dutch and British forces. Some of the larger rowed vessels held up to a hundred rowers on each side besides a contingent of armed troops. Generally, the larger vessels held at least one at the front of the vessel or another one placed at the stern. Philippine sailing ships called praos had double sails that seemed to rise well over a hundred feet from the surface of the water. Despite their large size, these ships had double outriggers.
Some of the larger sailing ships, however, did not have outriggers. Communities of the ancient Philippines were active in international trade, and they used the ocean as natural highways. Ancient peoples were engaged in long-range trading with their Asian neighbors as far as west as and as far as north as. Some historians proposed that they also had regular contacts with the people of Western due to it being the only area in the that had crops, tuba (fermented sap), and a tradition of nut chewing when the first Europeans arrived there. The uncanny resemblance of complex body among the Visayans and those of also suggest some connection between Borneo and ancient Philippines. Magellan\’s chronicler, mentioned that merchants and ambassadors from all surrounding areas came to pay tribute to the king of Sugbu ( ) for the purpose of trade. While Magellan\’s crew were with the king, a representative from was paying tribute to the king. also wrote how merchants from and had come to Cebu for trade, and he also mentioned how Chinese merchants regularly came to Luzon for the same purpose.
The Visayan Islands had an earlier encounter with the traders in 21 AD. People from the region enjoyed extensive trade contacts and immigration with other cultures, such as, and. Aside from trade relations, the natives were also involved in aquaculture and fishing. The natives made use of the salambao, which is a type of raft that utilizes a large fishing net which is lowered into the water via a type of lever made of two criss-crossed poles. Night fishing was accomplished with the help of candles made from a particular type of resin similar to the of Mexico. Use of safe pens for incubation and protection of from predators was also observed, a method that interested the Spaniards at that time.