If there were no political party, then each and every candidate would be independent. Current strength of the Lok Sabha is 543. Imagine a situation when none of the 543 members can be brought to think alike on a particular issue. This would lead to a total chaos. An independent candidate would always be more interested in the specific needs of his constituency and would seldom think about the larger interest of the nation.
A political party is necessary to bring diverse people on a common platform, so that bigger issues can be taken care of. The democracy which is being practiced all over the world is called representative democracy. In this system, governance is done through peoples representative because it is impossible for each citizen to directly participate in governance.
The need for representative democracy has given rise to political parties.
Why Do We Need Political Parties Meaning of Political Parties : A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government.
They agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote the collective good. Since there can be different views on what is good for all parties try to persuade people why their policies are better than other. They seek to implement these policies by wining popular support through elections.
Thus parties reflect a fundamental political division of a society. Parties are about a part of the society and thus involve Partisanship. Thus a party is known by which part it stands for, which policies it supports and whose interest it upholds. A political party has three components : (A) the leaders (B) the active members, and (C) the followers