Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday in the,Pwith its roots in a celebration of the annual harvest. When is Thanksgiving Day? Fourth Thursday of November. In the US, Thanksgiving Day is celebrated every year on the fourth Thursday of November. This year, it falls on Thursday, November 23. President Abraham Lincoln was the first US president to officially declare the festival as the last Thursday in November. The date was set in stone by President Franklin D Roosevelt in 1939 and approved by Congress in 1941. International celebration. Thanksgiving is also celebrated in, Grenada, the Philippines, Saint Lucia, Liberia and the Netherlands. Black Friday. P
Friday after Thanksgiving kickstarts the Christmas shopping season with promotional sales. P The day after Thanksgiving was called \”Black Friday\” in a 1951 journal referring to workers calling in sick in order to have a four-day Thanksgiving weekend. itPcalled Thanksgiving? Blessing of the harvest. P It began as a day where people took the opportunity of giving thanks for the blessing of the harvest and of the preceding year. In the US, the celebration is often recognised as an event that took place when English colonists held a feast to thank Native Americans for helping them start new lives in the US. \”The First Thanksgiving\” was celebrated after their first harvest in October 1621. The feast lasted three days. Five letters to five US presidents. After a long campaign, Sarah Joseph Hale, editor of Godey\’s Lady Book – a colonial women\’s magazine – is credited with making Thanksgiving a national holiday in the US. P In support of the proposed national holiday, Hale wrote letters to five Ppresidents of the US. The letter she wrote to Lincoln convinced him to support legislation establishing a national holiday of thanksgiving in 1863.
You may have observed that, for some years past, there has been an increasing interest felt in our land to have the Thanksgiving held on the same day, in all the States; it now needs National recognition and authoritative fixation, only, to become permanently, an American custom and institution,\” she wrote. Before Thanksgiving Day, the only national holidays celebrated in the US wereP Independence Day. National day of Mourning. P From the perspective of many, the holiday symbolises centuries of land seizure and the erosion of tribal cultures. protest group accuses the US and European settlers of fabricating the Thanksgiving story, and, since 1970, the group has organised aP Pprotest on the day. Why is it celebrated with turkey? Hamilton\’s turkey. in the US precedes Lincoln\’s nationalisation of the holiday in 1863. In the 19th century, Pproclaimed that no \”Citizen of the United States should refrain from turkey on Thanksgiving Day. \” Some give credit to Hale, whose accounts emphasised a roast turkey and eventually became the model for the festivities. Others believe the birds were chosen because they are large enough to feed many people, and they don\’t serve a purpose like laying eggs or making milk. More than 50 million turkeys are served in the US every year for Thanksgiving. Pardon tradition. P Dating back to at least 1947, US presidents were gifted with turkeys at Thanksgiving. These turkeys were usually eaten. Ronald Reagan was the first president to \”pardon\” a turkey, in 1987. His successor, George HW Bush, made the pardoning ceremony into a White House tradition from 1989 onwards. The fourth Thursday of November is just around the corner. Thoughts of turkey, all of the accompanying sides and pies come to mind. Even if you have no special meal planned, you still look forward to the official vacation from work.
Yet, beyond the chance to have a day of leisure to get together with friends and family, does it hold any deeper meaning for modern Americans? Even if the history and culture of the holiday fails to appeal, its central thankful theme serves an important purpose. show how gratitude brings physical and emotional health benefits. Things to be Thankful for, then and now Historians trace Thanksgiving Day back to the celebrations the Pilgrims made in the early 1620s. They held special church services to commemorate bringing in the harvest and the end of a drought. In previous centuries life and death hinged on the success of the harvest. A good harvest was a reason for a big celebration. б Over the next two hundred years, North Americans proclaimed additional Thanksgiving Days with religious and harvest themes. Although George Washington issued Thanksgiving proclamations, the present national holiday dates from 1863. In the middle of the Civil War President Lincoln realized the need to make an annual day of giving thanks. б He wanted citizens to appreciate all the United States achieved by maintaining its growth and stability during the Civil War. For the next hundred years or so, few people thought of asking Бwhy do we celebrate Thanksgiving Day. Б With wide appeal to citizens of all backgrounds, it became a traditional celebration. Recent changes in the makeup of American society and attitudes lead some to question this holidayБs message. Most people now live in urban centers. With a well-stocked supermarket at every street corner, few take an interest in the outcome of the harvest. Declines in church attendance have undermined the original Thanksgiving DayБs religious motive. These changes prompt people to question the holidayБs twenty-first century relevance. б б Each individual has things to be thankful for Б November 2017 While the lives of Americans have changed in so many ways, human nature remains unaffected.
This day is a precious opportunity to pause and take stock of the more pleasant sides life. Do you have good health? Have you supportive family and friends? You enjoy good food to eat and have a place you call home? How about those great work colleagues and business clients? If you have any of these you are much better off than millions of other people. If you doubt what you have to appreciate, visit a hospital emergency ward, a mental health institution, a prison, or any other institution. You will soon feel glad that you are on the outside. National things to be thankful for The nation as a whole also has good reasons to continue to connect to this holidayБs theme. In the early 1960s President Kennedy urged Americans to БAsk not what your country can do for youБask what you can do for your country. Б While he was not speaking about this holiday, his words can answer the Бwhy do we celebrate Thanksgiving DayБ question. Free of associations with a particular faith, ethnic group or locality, the day has the power to. Nobody can deny the deep divisions across the USA today. We acknowledge these differences in religion, politics, and backgrounds but for one day a year we are ready to set them aside and focus on all that unites us. б б б ThanksgivingБs positive message Being thankful is much more than a simple matter of politeness. When you express appreciation to someone else for a service rendered, both the one who receives the thanks and the one who gives it gain. From both the individual and national perspectives a day to enjoy with close friends and family is still valuable.