The Summer Olympics were around long before the Winter Olympics. For many years, the Summer and Winter Olympics were held in the same calendar year. In 1986, the International Olympic Committee, or IOC, voted to change the schedule, allowing one competition to be held every two years. Jason Stallman, one of the The New York Times\’ Olympic editors, said this move gave the Winter Olympics more prominence, and resulted in better media coverage for both games. The separation also generated more money for the IOC, largely from television rights. Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin advocated reviving the Olympic Games, which had been abolished in 394 A. D. Formation of the International Olympic Committee in 1894 marked the beginning of plans that culminated in the first modern Olympic Games in Athens in 1896. All the sports included in the competition were summer sports. The Winter Olympics started in the 1920s. With the increasing popularity of winter sports, the International Olympic Committee organized an International Sports Week in France in 1924. This successful event was later named the First Olympic Winter Games. Only six sports were included — bobsleigh, ice hockey, curling, skiing, skating and the military patrol race. While the number of sports at the winter games has remained about the same, the number of events has multiplied, with over 84 events at the 2006 games. After the introduction of the Winter Olympic Games, both the Summer and Winter Olympic events were held every four years until 1992.
The separation of the games allowed the Winter Olympics to emerge from the shadow of the Summer Olympics. The 1992 winter games were held in Albertville, France, with the summer games in Barcelona, Spain. This was the last time that both events took place in the same year. The next Winter Olympic games were held in Lillehammer, Norway, in 1994, and with the Summer Olympics following two years later in 1996 in Atlanta. According to The New York Timesв Stallman, this strategic move on the part of the International Olympic Committee netted the organization a financial windfall. He says the rights to televise the five Olympic Games following this change cost NBC $3. 5 billion, with approximately $2 billion for the rights to the 2010 and 2012 games. In response to questions from readers who would prefer that the Olympiad — the four years between Olympic games — be observed, writer Stallman responded that the positive financial impact of separating the games makes it unlikely that this decision will be rescinded.
Before 1992, the Summer and Winter Olympics were held at the same time every four years. PToday, the Olympics are held every two years alternating between the summer and winter. PIn other words, each Olympic is held every four years on different intervals.
PThe Summer and Winter Olympics split for multiple reasons and mainly had a positive outcome. PThe Summer Olympics had existed long before the Winter Olympics. PThe Summer Olympics began in 1896 and the Winter Olympics later began in 1924. PThe Winter Olympics was a lot less popular than the Summer Olympics and splitting them gave the Winter Olympics a much larger audience: The separation of the games allowed the Winter Olympics to emerge from the shadow of the Summer Olympics (Faceu). PThis is because the Summer and Winter Olympic games now both had their own individual year so not all the attention would be focused on the Summer Olympics. P The International Olympic Committee, or IOC, were the ones that made this decision in 1992. PThey were made up of eighty-nine members at the time and led by IOC President Juan Antonio Samaranch. PThe vote was strongly in favor for splitting the games: IOC officials said only a handful of members opposed the change, which needed a two-thirds majority for approval (Olympics). PThis was mainly to give the Winter Olympics more attention but had many positive outcomes. P First, the change significantly increased the money made from the Olympics, The rights to televise the five Olympic Games following this change cost NBC $3. 5 billion, with approximately $2 billion for the rights to the 2010 and 2012 games (Faceu). PAlso, it made it a lot easier to organize the Olympics because they did not have to organize two games at the same time.
PFurthermore, this was amazing news to the athletes in 1992 because it meant the next Winter Games were just two years later. PSince both Olympics used to be held at the same time, and now they were going to be two years apart but each still on its own four year interval; this meant that the next Winter Olympics had to be two years away to initiate this change. PThis made it much easier for the athletes in 1992 to stay in shape. PMany of the athletes repeated their victories and took advantage of the one time opportunity before the four year interval began again. PFor example, Lyubov Yegorova was an athlete who used the shortened period to her advantage: Russian athlete Lyubov Yegorova won three gold and a silver medal, taking full advantage of the shortened time frame to become one of the most successful Olympians in history (9 medals in her lifetime) (History). P Olympics to Hold Events Every 2 Years : Winter Games to Be Split Off, Start Own 4-Year CycleP in 94. Los Angeles Times, 14 Oct. 1986. Web. 25 Feb. 2016. Faceu, Dorian. Why Were the Olympics Split Into Summer and Winter? N. p. , 14 Nov. 2015. Web. 25 Feb. 2016. History of the Modern Summer and Winter Olympics from Fanbay. net. Summer and Winter Olympics from Fanbay. net. N. p. , n. d. Web. 25 Feb. 2016.