Identifying the cause of your stomach spasms can help you treat this symptom. Here are 11 conditions that may be responsible for your symptom. 1. Muscle strain
Overworking your abdominal muscles could cause them to spasm. Spasms due to muscle strain are most likely to occur in people who do strenuous and frequent exercise, especially crunches and situps. 2. Dehydration Losing electrolytes from caused by sweating, vomiting, and diarrhea can result in muscle spasms throughout your body, including your stomach. This happens because muscles need electrolytes such as calcium, and to work properly. When they donБt have these electrolytes, your muscles may start working abnormally and seizing up. 3. Gas A buildup of gas in your stomach can cause your intestinal muscles to spasm as your body tries to release the gas. If you have gas, you might also have: 4. Inflammatory bowel disease These diseases, such as and, are chronic inflammatory conditions. CrohnБs disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, while UC only affects the colon. In both conditions, inflammation can cause bowel spasms. 5.
Irritable bowel syndrome is a chronic condition that affects the large intestine. It doesnБt cause bowel tissue changes like, but symptoms are similar, including: 6. Gastritis and gastroenteritis and are both stomach inflammation, but in gastroenteritis, the intestines are also inflamed. Infections, such as from Helicobacter pylori, Norwalk virus, and rotavirus, usually cause these conditions. 7. Infectious colitis Colitis can cause abdominal cramping due to irritation and inflammation of the colon, which causes it to spasm. Some bacteria that can cause colitis include Clostridium, Salmonella, and E. coli. Parasites such as Giardia can cause colitis too. 8. Ischemic enteritis and colitis Sometimes colitis is caused by lack of blood supply to the small bowel and colon. Spasms can occur in this type of colitis as well. 9. Constipation Your bowels may cramp when you experience constipation as they distend in response to increased pressure inside them. 10. Ileus An ileus is when your bowels become БlazyБ or Бsleepy. Б This can occur for a number of reasons including infection, inflammation, recent surgery (especially in the abdomen), narcotic use, severe illness, and lack of physical activity.
An ileus causes your bowels to fill with air and fluid, resulting in distention and pain. 11. Gastroparesis is basically an ileus involving the stomach. It most commonly occurs in those with and can cause stomach cramping especially after eating. in the belly (abdomen) can come from conditions affecting a variety of organs. The abdomen is an anatomical area that is bounded by the lower margin of the ribs above, the pelvic bone (pubic ramus) below, and the flanks on each side. Although can arise from the tissues of the abdominal wall that surround the abdominal cavity (for example, skin and abdominal wall muscles), the term generally is used to describe originating from organs within the abdominal cavity (for example, beneath the skin and muscles). These organs include the stomach, small intestine, colon, gallbladder, and pancreas. Occasionally, pain may be felt in the abdomen even though it is arising from organs that are close to but not within the abdominal cavity, for example, the lower, the kidneys, and the uterus or ovaries.
This latter type of pain is called \”referred\” pain because the pain, though originating outside the abdomen, is being referred to (felt) in the abdominal area. Abdominal pain can be acute and sudden in onset, or the pain can be chronic and longstanding. Abdominal pain may be minor and of no great significance, or it can reflect a major problem involving one of the organs in the abdomen. The characteristics of the pain — location, timing, duration, etc. are important in diagnosing its cause. Persisting abdominal pain should be evaluated by a physician. Various causes of abdominal pain include, but are not limited to, after eating, and gallbladder inflammation ( ), ( and ), ulcers, ( ), (viral or bacterial), parasite infection, ( ), abdominal muscle injury, abdominal, ( ), peritonitis, serositis, ischemic bowel disease, abdominal aneurysm, abdominal organ injury from, and. Kasper, D. L. , et al. , eds. Harrison\’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Ed. United States: McGraw-Hill Education, 2015.