why do we celebrate labor day in the us


Beginning in the late 19th century, as the
and grew, different groups of trade unionists chose a variety of days on which to celebrate labor. In the United States, a September holiday called Labor Day was first proposed in the early 1880s. Alternate stories of the event\’s origination exist. According to one early history of Labor Day, the event originated in connection with a General Assembly of the convened in New York City in September 1882. In connection with this clandestine Knights assembly, a public parade of various labor organizations was held on September 5 under the auspices of the (CLU) of New York. Secretary of the CLU is credited for first proposing that a national Labor Day holiday subsequently be held on the first Monday of each September in the aftermath of this successful public demonstration. An alternative thesis is maintained that the idea of Labor Day was the brainchild of, a Vice President of the, who put forward the initial proposal in the spring of 1882. According to McGuire, on May 8, 1882, he made a proposition to the fledgling Central Labor Union in New York City that a day be set aside for a \”general holiday for the laboring classes. \” According to McGuire he further recommended that the event should begin with a street parade as a public demonstration of organized labor\’s solidarity and strength, with the march followed by a picnic, to which participating local unions could sell tickets as a fundraiser. According to McGuire he suggested the first Monday in September as an ideal date for such a public celebration, owing to optimum weather and the date\’s place on the calendar, sitting midway between the and public holidays. Labor Day picnics and other public gatherings frequently featured speeches by prominent labor leaders.

In 1909 the American Federation of Labor convention designated the Sunday preceding Labor Day as \”Labor Sunday,\” to be dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the Labor movement. This secondary date failed to gain significant traction in popular culture. In 1887 became the first state of the United States to make Labor Day an official. By the time it became an official in 1894, thirty officially celebrated Labor Day. All U. S. states, the, and the have subsequently made Labor Day a statutory holiday. As summer draws to a close and schools prepare to open their doors again, Labor Day comes around like a sweet salve to workers in the United States. Celebrated on the first Monday in September, Labor Day is one of just 10 federal holidays in the United States and pays tribute toб the American workers movement. But while it is celebrated in modern times with BBQs, holidays and sales shopping, the holiday has a bloody history and came out of a long battle for workersБ rights in the country. What does Labor Day celebrate? According to the U. S. , the holiday is Бa creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. Б Labor Day is a Бyearly national tributeБ to the Бcontributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity and wellbeing of our country. Б In practice, all government offices and organizations are closed, while many private businesses also shut for the day to enable workers to mark the occasion with their families. When was the first Labor Day? Workers in New York City celebrated the first Labor Day on September 5, 1882, with a parade organized by trade unions. It was overseen by the Central Labor Union (CLU), a left-wing union that later broke up into local organizations that are members of the modern American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO).

But while the first rally was held in New York, Oregon was the first stateб to institute Labor Day as a holiday, passing legislation to that effect in 1887. Over the following seven years, some 30 states made it aб holiday. In 1894, the U. S. Congress voted unanimously to approve Labor Day as a national holiday, and President Grover Cleveland signed it into law. Who created Labor Day? There is some dispute over the foundation of the holiday, according to the Department of Labor. Some records attest to Peter J. McGuire, the general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and a cofounder of the American Federation of Labor, was the first to propose a holiday in honor of workers. The holiday, McGuire said, should honor those Бwho from rude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold. Б But other historians propose that another man, Matthew Maguire, a machinist, was the founder of the holiday. According to some research, Maguire proposed the holiday while serving as secretary of the CLU in New York. WhatБs the history behind Labor Day? The holiday evolved out of decades of tensions between workers and unions on one side, and state security forces and employers on the other. During the last two decades of the 1800s, workers carried out some 37,000 strikes in the United States; and between 1870 and 1914, up to 800 American workers were killed during strikes, almost entirely by state security forces or the military, the Washington Post reported, citing historian Edward T. OБConnell. Bay Area Rapid Transit workers carry signs as they picket in front of the Lake Merritt BART station on the first day of the BART strike in Oakland, California, on October 18, 2013.

The tensions culminated in, during which workers for railcar manufacturers the Pullman Company in Chicago went on strike after their wages were cut by almost 30 percent, but the rents and prices at company-owned accommodation and stores remained static. The strike was backed by other unionsБthe nationwide American Railroad Union pulled its members from trains that had Pullman CarsБand a total of 125,000 workers on 29 railroads quit rather than handle Pullman cars, according to. The strike came to a bloody head when the federal government sent in the military to enforce a court injunction against the strike; the riots resulted in 30 deaths and $80 million worth of damages. Just six days after the end of the strike, President Cleveland signed the bill that made Labor Day a national holiday, in an apparent bid to appease workers. How do Americans celebrate Labor Day? In the spirit of the founders, Labor Day is still celebrated with union-organized parades, colorful festivals and parties and picnics. Many use the last days of summer as an opportunity to have a BBQ with friends, while others use it for a last-minute getaway: the holiday is associated with heavy congestion on roads and at airports. Less so in the spirit of the founders, Labor Day has also become something of a festival of. Many shops and online retail outlets hold week-long БLabor DayБ sales and the holiday has become one of the biggest sale days in the United States. node-type-article. article-body > p:last-of-type::after,. node-type-slideshow. article-body > p:last-of-type::after{content:none}

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