why do we celebrate hispanic heritage month in the usa


Hispanic Heritage MONTH was established by legislation sponsored by Rep. Edward R. Roybal (D-Los Angeles) first proclaimed President
in 1968. The commemorative week was expanded by legislation sponsored by Rep. Esteban E. Torres (D-Pico Rivera) and implemented by President in 1988 to cover a 30-day period (September 15 – October 15). It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988 on the approval of. September 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration because it is the anniversary of independence of five countries:, and. All declared independence in 1821. In addition, and celebrate their independence days on September 16, September 18, and September 21, respectively. Hispanic Heritage Month (HHM) also celebrates the long and important presence of Hispanic and Latino Americans in North America. A map of late 18th-century North America shows this presence, from the small outpost of founded in Alta California in 1776, through the Spanish province of with its vaqueros (cowboys), to the fortress of the first colonial settlement in North America, founded in 1513, ninety-four years before the English landed in.


Hispanic Heritage Month is an official celebration of American citizens whose ancestry can be traced back to Spain, Mexico, Central and South America and the Caribbean. When is Hispanic Heritage Month? The festival now lasts from September 15 to October 15 every year, but it first started out as just a week long celebration of in 1968. Twenty years later, in 1988 it expanded to dedicate a whole four weeks for the celebration of being Hispanic. The celebration starts in the middle of the month, as opposed to the end, because the 15th marks the independence days of five Latin America countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Mexico, Chile, and Belize follow shortly after, on the 16th, 18th and 21st.

Who does it celebrate? Hispanic Heritage Month pays tribute to the generations of Hispanic Americans who have positively influenced and enriched our nation and society,. It particularly celebrates Hispanic arts and culture and is therefore supported by: The Library of Congress, National Archives and Records Administration, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution and United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Dolores Huerta the activist, Roberto Clemente the baseball player, and Sonia Sotomayor the Supreme Court Justice, of the Hispanic figures celebrated throughout the month. What is happening? People up and down the United States put on events and festivals to honor Hispanic culture. The El Barrio Latin Jazz festival takes place in the Bronx, N. Y. , from September 15 to 25, and the Northwest Arkansas Hispanic Heritage Festival in Fayetteville, Ark. , are just a couple of the local celebrations.

The Smithsonian Institute tweeted that they were sharing memories of Mexican-American entertainer Selena by displaying one of her costumes at the National Museum of American History, and they are hosting Hispanic dance performances, art and natural history exhibitions. How big is the U. S. Hispanic population? Almost a fifth of the total U. S. population is Hispanic, according to. At a population of 57 million, they are the second-fastest growing racial or ethnic group behind Asians. Hispanics made up just 5% of the population back in 1970. Of that population, around two-thirds, or 35. 3 million, are people of Mexican origin. Those of Puerto Rican heritage are next at 5. 3 million, and around 1 million each of Salvadorans, Cubans, Dominicans, Guatemalans and Colombians are living in the United States.

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