why do red blood cells burst in distilled water


Which organelles are present in white blood cells? White blood cells, or leukocytes, contain the same organelles as eukaryotic cells, such as the Golgi apparatus, mitochondria, a nucleus and nucleolus, cent. What do red blood cells do? Red blood cells carry oxygen and nutrients to the tissues in the body and take away carbon dioxide. They are also called erythrocytes. They get their red c. How do white blood cells work? White blood cells emerge from the bloodstream through capillaries and engage harmful molecules by either engulfing them or poisoning them. There are differ.


Why do red blood cells have no nucleus? Red blood cells have no nucleus, because most of their bulk is made up of hemoglobin, a compound that carries gases, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide. In.
Mammalian red cells have a biconcave (doughnut-like) shape. If red blood cells are placed in a 0. 3 M NaCl solution, there is little net osmotic movement of water, the size and shape of the cells stay the same; the NaCl solution is isotonic to the cell. If red blood cells are placed in a solution with a lower solute concentration than is found in the cells, water moves into the cells by osmosis, causing the cells to swell; such a solution is hypotonic to the cells.


When red blood cells are placed in pure water, water rapidly enters the cells by osmosis and causes the cells to burst, a phenomenon known as hemolysis. If the red blood cells are placed in a solution with a higher solute concentration, water moves out of the cell by osmosis, the cell becomes smaller and crenated in shape; such a solution is hypertonic to the cells. These observations have several important practical implications. First, hospitals must store red blood cells in a solution which has the correct proportions of salts and proteins.


The plasma solution is made to be slightly hypertonic to the red cells so that the integrity of the cells is preserved and hemolysis is prevented. Second, when doctors inject a drug intravenously into a patient, the drug is suspended in a saline solution which is slightly hypertonic to red blood cells. Intravenous injection of a drug in pure water will cause some of the patient s red blood cells to hemolyze because water is hypotonic to the red blood cells.

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