Chinese dragons are virtual creatures, a root of Chinese people who considered themselves as the descendents of dragon. Since their creation, Chinese dragons have won the deep love from Chinese people whether in ancient times or in modern times, because their strong power and symbolic meanings. They play an important role in the history of Chinese nation, politics, religion, culture and Chinese language, blend into people s beliefs and lives and become a symbol of China and Chinese people. Dragon is a totem of Chinese nation, a symbol of China, and a golden Chinese element; when a person hear the name of dragon, China will come to his or her mind. Dragon is a benevolent sign, which shows everything good. As the strongest animal selected by Chinese people, dragon has the strongest power which helps it go to the Heaven and the Hell, and make cloud and rains; since it has been bestowed with great powers, dragon is deified by and sacred to Chinese people who create lots of legendary myths about the mighty dragons. The importance of dragon to Chinese people is like water to creatures, and it is much reflected in people s spirit, beliefs, and ideology; in ancient times, as a belief, it give strong supports to the ruling of a big nation, and to people s fragile spirits and miserable life because people suffer extreme natural disasters and lack of the supports from science.
To the physical appearance of Chinese dragons, there may be different sayings in historical records. As virtual creatures, their information like appearance and power may be changed and improved with people s imagination. But generate information can be searched out: they have beards, long horns, scale, tail and claws, but no wings, and have different colors as their categories differentiate: yellow, red, white, black, and azure; they are bestowed with great powers like flying, swimming, summoning wind and rain, breathing fire; dragon has nines sons: Qiuniu, Yazi, Chaofeng, Pulao, Suanni Bixi, Bi an Fuxi and Chiwen; and they are a symbol of power, authority, nobleness, good luck, and success.
Chinese dragons are different to those found in Western mythology in many respects.
They are lucky creatures that can bring a good year for people and are also regarded as a symbol of power and royal dignity in China. According to Chinese myths, a dragon is the combination of nine animals. It has the eyes of a lobster, horns of deer, mouth of an ox, nose of a canine, whiskers of catfish, mane of a lion, tail of a snake, scales of a fish and claws of an eagle. Known as long in Chinese, the wingless creature can fly and is also believed to, such as the wind and rain. It is the only among the 12 Chinese zodiac signs. Dragons were once worshipped by ancestors of the Chinese people as their origin. The Han people have always considered the dragon as the symbol of their nationality. Therefore, Chinese people refer to themselves as Бdescendants of the dragonБ. Outstanding talent is often compared and described as a Бdragon among humansБ, which gave rise to the idiom Б wang zi cheng long Б that means Бto long for oneБs child to excel and succeed in life like a dragon among regular peopleБ.
In ancient times, the dragon was the symbol of imperial power and the royal family. Every emperor regarded himself a dragon, hence his title, Бgenuine dragon and son of heavenБ. The image of the dragon appeared on all his belongings. No ordinary man was allowed to use anything that bore the picture of a dragon. The emperorБs face was euphemised as a БdragonБs faceБ, his robe Бimperial dragon robeБ and his descendants БdragonБs sons and grandsonsБ. Even today, people regard dragons as a sign of holiness and auspiciousness, which is why temples and gardens are often decorated with dragon carvings and paintings. The auspicious power of Chinese dragons can still be seen throughout the Forbidden City and the Summer Palace in Beijing. There are two Chinese festivals involving the dragon. On the, each January 15th on the lunar calendar, people wave dragon lanterns to celebrate the coming spring. During the, on the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, people hold dragon boat competitions. Originally published October 8, 2012