BY SHELDON ONG There are many ways to understand what human rights are and there is no one agreement on how we are supposed to identify these rights. Some prefer to see human rights as certain natural rights that were given to us by God and is therefore the stateБs duty to protect, while other people see them as natural rights coming from general rational human interest of gain, safety and reputation. Whichever the view, human rights, as the name suggests, are rights that all human beings have regardless of nationality, place of staying, gender, religion, language or anything else. We are all protected by human rights no matter what and so these rights should not be disturbed either at all or only in extreme situations. Here are some examples of general human rights and how they work; a personБs Бright to libertyБ (i. e. freedom) may be restricted(e. g. sent to jail), if he or she commits a crime or one personБs Бright to peaceful enjoyment of propertyБ can be taken away if he or she does something on their land (e. g. home) that causes БnuisanceБ (e. g. too much noise) to their neighbour. Indeed, the above can be seen as punishments when people go over the limits of their human rights, disturbing the rights of others who also equally share these rights.
However, as the word БpunishmentБ suggests, nobody can be charged for having done something or have their rights disturbed if the offence was not a crime when it was committed. This means that to be punished by the law, there must be laws already existing that do not allow that offence and these laws must be written very clearly so that people know what actions are criminal in nature. This in itself is a human right, being Бno punishment without lawБ and is found in Article 7 of the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). Among the human rights, the Бright to educationБ is one that is very well accepted internationally. This is one of the most important human rights because of its supporting nature. It means education is not only good in itself as it increases knowledge, it also gives people the ability to access and use other core rights. It gives people the confidence to make informed decisions, either to protect themselves from having their rights disturbed or to hold those who abuse power responsible. It helps people to join more actively in their social and economic rights too, such as obtaining land rights and investments. So, these economic trends increase the importance of education because of the modernisation and easier access to information in the economy, particularly in Africa.
It is so important for every person to know that they are entitled to the rights listed above and more, depending on the jurisdiction (БstateБ) the person is in. This is because human rights affect the relationships between governments and the citizens that these governments have power over. Having human rights in this way is like having a legal БshieldБ or even a БswordБ because these rights limit the governmentБs power and control. Therefore, countries must understand and accept the fundamental needs of their people and protect their basic freedoms, enforcing the ever-important relevance of human rights internationally.
What are Human Rights? You are a human being. You have rights inherent in that reality. You have dignity and worth that exists prior to law. Human rights are the rights that every person is entitled to simply by virtue of being human. At the root of the human rights concept is the idea that all people should be able to live with dignity. Violations of our human rights amount to denials of our basic humanity. There were many important people throughout history that contributed to the notion and understanding of human rights.
Plato believed in universal truth and virtue. This idea has continued on to become universalism, that human rights are universal, and as such are above the laws of individual states. Human rights are often discussed and defended by the key philosophers. For example, Kant argued that human rights are based in the fundamental moral right to be treated as an end in oneself, a view that he felt was completely justified by the value of human reason: a species that has the extraordinary reasoning power of human beings is special enough to have natural, basic rights. So, he argued, because these rights arise from and are an inseparable part of our basic human nature, they are inalienable they cannot be treated like commodities that are given to us or taken away from us. Based on this argument, as long as we are human, in principle we always have fundamental human rights. This is true whether we are free or in prison, or whatever our circumstances. However, human rights can t just be based on the rights-holder s personal needs and interests. Rights are normally considered to be above practical considerations of that sort: instead, they exist at the level of the moral duties we owe each other as reasoning beings. positive law principles. We look at these next.