Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. Women have two ovaries each about the size and shape of an almond on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in monthly cycles during the childbearing years. Many women have ovarian cysts at some time. Most ovarian cysts present little or no discomfort and are harmless. The majority disappears without treatment within a few months. However, ovarian cysts especially those that have ruptured can cause serious symptoms. To protect your health, get regular pelvic exams and know the symptoms that can signal a potentially serious problem. Most cysts don\’t cause symptoms and go away on their own. However, a large ovarian cyst can cause:
Sudden, severe abdominal or pelvic pain If you have these signs and symptoms or those of shock cold, clammy skin; rapid breathing; and lightheadedness or weakness see a doctor right away. Most ovarian cysts develop as a result of your menstrual cycle (functional cysts). Other types of cysts are much less common. Your ovaries normally grow cyst-like structures called follicles each month. Follicles produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone and release an egg when you ovulate. If a normal monthly follicle keeps growing, it\’s known as a functional cyst. There are two types of functional cysts: Follicular cyst. Around the midpoint of your menstrual cycle, an egg bursts out of its follicle and travels down the fallopian tube.
A follicular cyst begins when the follicle doesn\’t rupture or release its egg, but continues to grow. Corpus luteum cyst. When a follicle releases its egg, it begins producing estrogen and progesterone for conception. This follicle is now called the corpus luteum. Sometimes, fluid accumulates inside the follicle, causing the corpus luteum to grow into a cyst. Functional cysts are usually harmless, rarely cause pain, and often disappear on their own within two or three menstrual cycles. Dermoid cysts. Also called teratomas, these can contain tissue, such as hair, skin or teeth, because they form from embryonic cells. They\’re rarely cancerous. Cystadenomas. These develop on the surface of an ovary and might be filled with a watery or a mucous material. Endometriomas. These develop as a result of a condition in which uterine endometrial cells grow outside your uterus (endometriosis). Some of the tissue can attach to your ovary and form a growth. Dermoid cysts and cystadenomas can become large, causing the ovary to move out of position. This increases the chance of painful twisting of your ovary, called ovarian torsion. Ovarian torsion may also result in decreasing or stopping blood flow to the ovary. Hormonal problems. These include taking the fertility drug clomiphene (Clomid), which is used to cause you to ovulate. Pregnancy. Sometimes, the cyst that forms when you ovulate stays on your ovary throughout your pregnancy.
Endometriosis. This condition causes uterine endometrial cells to grow outside your uterus. Some of the tissue can attach to your ovary and form a growth. A severe pelvic infection. If the infection spreads to the ovaries, it can cause cysts. A previous ovarian cyst. If you\’ve had one, you\’re likely to develop more. Some women develop less common types of cysts that a doctor finds during a pelvic exam. Cystic ovarian masses that develop after menopause might be cancerous (malignant). That\’s why it\’s important to have regular pelvic exams. Ovarian torsion. Cysts that enlarge can cause the ovary to move, increasing the chance of painful twisting of your ovary (ovarian torsion). Symptoms can include an abrupt onset of severe pelvic pain, nausea and vomiting. Ovarian torsion can also decrease or stop blood flow to the ovaries. Rupture. A cyst that ruptures can cause severe pain and internal bleeding. The larger the cyst, the greater the risk of rupture. Vigorous activity that affects the pelvis, such as vaginal intercourse, also increases the risk. Although there\’s no way to prevent ovarian cysts, regular pelvic examinations help ensure that changes in your ovaries are diagnosed as early as possible. Be alert to changes in your monthly cycle, including unusual menstrual symptoms, especially ones that persist for more than a few cycles. Talk to your doctor about changes that concern you.
One of the most prominent ovarian cyst symptoms includes sudden or recurring pain in the lower pelvis or abdominal region of varying severity. This pain often extends to the lower back area and can quickly impose restrictions of varying degrees on normal activities. Persistent pain around the pelvic area during menstrual cycles and which might be experienced in the lower back region as well is one of the danger signs every woman should look out for. Unexplained pain such as back pain can indicate the presence of ovarian cysts. Ovarian cysts, due to their elusive nature are often discovered during a routine medical exam or can be found during an ultrasound which may be performed for various reasons. If youБve have been diagnosed with ovarian cysts, chances are that you will develop the cysts again and you should not just forget about them. You should continue to get regular checkups to monitor their progress. If you have not undergone a pelvic exam or ultrasound test and you start to experience pain in your lower back and/or the pelvic region, get yourself checked by a qualified physician and you should do this immediately. The pain could very well be due to the presence of ovarian cysts. Not sure which solution is right for you? Ovarian cysts are often known to enlarge in size if they are left untreated for a long time. Enlarged cysts may press against the urinary bladder and this will cause you to urinate more frequently.
Ovarian cysts can also press against other internal organs of the body and consequently cause lower back pain. Needless to say it is of the utmost importance to monitor and make an appointment with your doctor when you are feeling what may be abnormal pain in the lower back and you know that you didnБt do anything to strain that part of your body. Early detection can often save you the trouble of having to cope with more severe symptoms, and even help you to escape the need for surgery. One way to stop the back pain and deal with ovarian cysts is by the use of over the counter painkillers. Medications such as birth control pills are also available, and sometime it will help them disappear or shrink in size gradually. And of course, the final resort available in more severe or advanced cases is surgery. Conventional modes of treatment can only help to control your current situation and can not help you from a possible future recurrence. This is where a holistic approach to healing and preventing ovarian cysts has been proven to be quite effective. Because the emphasis is on a comprehensive and natural treatment, ovarian cysts can disappear from your life for good. A holistic approach advocates maintaining a healthy lifestyle and creating a healthy balance both in the mind and the body. This mode of alternative treatment is so powerful, that it will not only cure your cysts completely, but also prevent them.