WHO. 1996. Retrieved. Cary, \”Jackpine\” Bob (2003). The All-American OuthouseStories, Design Construction
(print). : Adventure Publications. P. Adams, Cecil (January 9, 1987). Retrieved November 27,. United Nations. Retrieved. Franois Brikk (2003). World Health Organization. p. P108. P. Graham, JP; Polizzotto, ML (May 2013). Environmental Health Perspectives. 121 (5): 52130. :. P. ^ Prescott Folwell, A (1901). John Wiley Sons. Dr Leslie Rosenthal (28 April 2014). Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. pp. P2526. P. ^ Paul, Rhyll (2012). Retrieved. Know Your Rights Series. National Human Rights Commission. Retrieved September 16,. Umesh IsalkarUmesh Isalkar, TNN (30 April 2013). The Times of India. Retrieved. ^ Motavalli, Jim (1998). E: The Environmental Magazine. ^. Archived from on 2007-11-13. \’See August 17, 2007, at the. Archived from on 2013-08-10. ^ Barringer, Felicity (September 5, 2007). The New York Times. Retrieved May 20,. [ Greve, Frank (October 8, 1997). Delaware Water Gap, Pennsylvania:. Retrieved November 27,. Ananova. 1989-04-15. Archived from. Retrieved. December 8, 2008, at the. Flinn, John (August 28, 2010). The San Francisco Chronicle. See (. 2006. Retrieved November 27,. Archived from on 2011-07-26. Martin, Douglas (August 29, 1996). Golgowski, Nina (July 2, 2016). Retrieved July 2,. The remarkable collection spans nearly 300 years of people at the site near Independence Hall. Outhouse Tour of America Tour. January 18, 1998. Retrieved November 27,. 2. Australia and New Zealand Book Company. 1978. p. P115. Retrieved.
Smith, Graham (2011). Boolarong Press. pp. P183184. Retrieved. Craven, Ian; George Seddon (1994). \”The Australian Back Yard\”. Australian Popular Culture. Minus, Jodie. The Australian. Retrieved. April 8, 2009, at the. Retrieved on 14 March 2009. June 23, 2017. Retrieved June 23,. Museum of Southeastern Denmark archaeology researcher Anna Beck was digging up what she thought was a semi-subterranean workshop, only to find that she was knee-deep in. yeah, you guessed it. She\’d found a layer of medieval poop. Carbon dating pegs the toilet at more than 1,000 years old, making it possibly the oldest crapper in Denmark. Bahne, Charles (2012). Chronicles of Old Boston: Exploring New England\’s Historic Capital (print). New York: Museyon, Signature Book Services distributor. p. P74. P. Kamensky, Jane (2008). The Exchange Artist: A Tale of High-Flying Speculation and America\’s First Banking Collapse (print). New York: /. p. P184. P. Nichols, A. (February 28, 1998). Retrieved November 27,. ^ Olmert, Michael. Colonial Williamsburg Journal. Retrieved November 27,. Archived from on 2009-02-12. Ward Bucher (1996) Dictionary of Building Preservation, P Bright, Mynors; et al. , eds. (1892), The Diary of Samuel Pepys, p. P. As \”October 23, 1660:. going down into my cellar. , I put my foot into a great heap of turds, by which I find Mr Turner\’s house of office is full and comes into my cellar. \” Green, Clarke. Scoutmastercg. com. Retrieved. Scoutorama. com. Retrieved. FireyOn. Gods and Goddesses of the World. Retrieved November 27,.
Monaghan, Patricia; Mullane Literary Agency (editor) (December 2009). Santa Barbara, California:. p. P111. P. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list ( Reilly, Mike (December 18, 2005) [February 19, 1997]. Privy Vaults: Early Milwaukee Sanitation History. Sussex-Lisbon Historical Society, Inc. The New York Times. December 1, 1997. Retrieved May 20,. U. S. Water News. January 1, 2003. Archived from on August 9, 2007. 2008-12-11 at the. Hyde, Kevin. U of L Journal. Retrieved November 27,. Weingarten, Gene (November 21, 2003). Retrieved. [ P Sale, Charles (Chic); Kermode, William (illustrator) (1994) . (print). London:. P. Retrieved. Outhouse Wall of Fame. Outhouse Museum. Archived from on May 2, 2003. Retrieved November 27,. Nolan, Dick. Dick Nolan. Retrieved January 10,. Packard, Mary (September 2004). (hardcover print). New York: Scholastic. P. Mackinawouthouserace. com. 2012-01-21. Retrieved. People\’s Almanac, Wallechinsky Wallace. This is no time for buffoonery, Joyce. Level with me: you ve never actually seen an outhouse with a half-moon cut into the door, have you? Neither have I, despite several decades of camping trips. I ll bet the same goes for just about everybody else. The idea that outhouses always have moons on them has been perpetuated largely by several generations of cartoonists (e. g. , Al Capp), probably none of whom ever saw one either. The only reference I can find to the practice is in Eric Sloane s. Discussing 18th- and 19th-century schoolhouses, Eric writes: The woodshed was often a lean-to attached to the schoolhouse, but the most accepted arrangement was to place it between the schoolhouse and the privy, with a fence separating the boys entrance from the girls.
The ancient designation of privy doors was to saw into them a sun (for boys toilet) and a moon (for girls toilet). Eric has supplied a sketch of both versions, showing the familiar crescent moon for the girls and a radiant sun for the boys. By way of corroboration, I note here in my manual of semiotics that the moon is usually represented as the feminine power, the Mother Goddess, Queen of Heaven, with the sun as the masculine. Isn t that just great? All this time you thought you were in there just doing your business and now it turns out you were participating in a pagan ritual. Why cartoonists picked up on the moon rather than the sun as the universal symbol for outhouse is hard to say. But knowing cartoonists I d guess it has something to do with the fact that the radiant sun is hell to draw. The reason there s a hole in the first place is a lot simpler: it provides ventilation. From the Teeming Millions How old are you в 12? And do you only hang out with other 12-year-olds? I ve seen REAL outhouses with moons on them! I m originally from Green Bay, Wisconsin, and they had them all over. (I ve been out here since 58 and have never gone back. I LOVE Santa Barbara, and I have indoor plumbing. ) All you may have seen are the ones on construction sites or in campgrounds. These, of course, don t have cute little moons on them. I can t believe you didn t ask around to find out this important information. в Gini M. , Santa Barbara, California You re smart to stay in Santa Barbara, Gini.
They say the indoor plumbing there is one of the wonders of the world. But I still say all those guys in Green Bay were just borrowing from Al Capp. I ve found another book, by Ronald S. Barlow (1989), that expands a bit on why you see (or saw) half moons on outhouse doors: Luna, the ancient crescent shaped figure, was a universal symbol for womankind. A moon, sawed into a privy door, served as the Ladies Room sign of early innkeeping days. Sol, a sunburst pattern, was cut into the men s room side of the outhouse. These symbols were necessary because in Colonial times only a fraction of our population could read or write. As time passed by and frontiers were pushed further westward, the gentlemen s restrooms fell into disrepair and eventually were abandoned altogether. Accommodations for ladies were better maintained and this is why the moon symbol remains on many outhouse doors today. Its original meaning, however, was lost to the general population sometime in the mid 1800 s. The book is abundantly illustrated, with an entire section devoted to brick outhouses. These are handsome pieces of construction, although the basis of the proverbial comparison to an attractive woman ( built like a brick в ) is not apparent to the casual eye. Still, any book showing a double-decker outhouse, with entrances high and low, has got to be worth whatever it costs. Send questions to Cecil via