happens when the cartilage inside a joint breaks down. Cartilage is the rubbery material that cushions bones so they donБt scrape against one another when you move. Injury to the knee, or a gradual wearing down from age, arthritis, or overuse, can cause chondromalacia. The most common site of cartilage breakdown is underneath the kneecap (patella). When the cartilage is gone, the knee bones scrape against each other and cause pain. The main symptom is a dull ache behind your kneecap. The pain may get worse when you climb stairs or after youБve been sitting for a while. Ice, over-the-counter pain relievers, and physical therapy can help with the pain.
Once the cartilage is damaged, chondromalacia wonБt go away. Only surgery can fix the damaged cartilage.
Referred pain is where an injury or problem elsewhere causes pain at the back of the knee. This can be from the lower back or lumbar spine and pain is referred down into the knee through the sciatic nerve. Or pain from the patellofemoral joint or between the kneecap and thigh bone can also refer pain into the back of the knee. or injury is inflammation or injury to the small muscle at the back of the knee called the popliteus. The role of the popliteus muscle is to internally rotate the tibia or shin bone. Symptoms include pain at the back of the knee joint with tenderness when pressing in.
Pain may be reproduced when the knee is bent against resistance whilst the lower leg or tibia bone is rotated outwards. Pis inflammation of the tendon of the large calf muscle at the point it originates at the back of the knee. This is an over use injury and usually affects the inside back of the knee joint where the muscle originates. or DVT as it is known for short is a blot clot in a vein common in the calf muscle. It usually occurs following surgery or a long period of immobilization in the calf muscle itself although can occur in the back of the knee.
It is very important this is not missed or confused with a calf strain as serious injury or death could result if wrongly treated. is a tear or sprain to the posterior cruciate ligament at the back of the knee. The role of this ligament is to prevent the knee from bending back the wrong way and is usually injured when the knee is forced to do just that. Symptoms include pain at the time of injury with possibly a little swelling depending on how bad the injury is. The athlete may complain of the knee feeling unstable and giving way beneath them. Claudication is pain or cramping in the legs due to insufficient blood flow and / or tiredness.