The Sahara Desert to the west of the Nile is over 3. 5 million square miles in area. East of the Nile, there are other deserts. However, along the river, there is a narrow strip of land alive with plants and animals. The early residents found life along the Nile less harsh than life in the desert. After learning to deal with the river\’s seasonal flooding, the Egyptians found living in the area was ideal for farming. Egyptian farmers brought many improvements to man\’s way of life.
With crops, the Egyptians were no longer hunters and gathers. The land provided wheat, which they made into bread. Flax and cotton provided fibers so that clothing was made of cloth instead of skins. Since they no longer needed to wander to find food and clothing, tent living was not necessary, and the Egyptians built homes. Life along the Nile allowed residents to consider art, religion, philosophy and government.
They built pyramids and buried their dead as mummies as their culture, which depended on the Nile, flourished.
Most of Egypt is a vast desert with almost no rainfall. The River Nile is one of the longest rivers in the world and it flows northwards from the mountains of Tanzania for over 6,000km on its way to the Mediterranean Sea. For more than 6,000 years the river has enabled people to live in Egypt.
Today, 50 million people live within a few miles of the river and completely depend on its water. The river is home to many fish and provides a valuable source of food. The ancient Egyptians invented a number of different ways to bring water from the Nile up onto dry land. The shaduf and wooden water wheels were designed thousands of years ago to enable farmers to water their crops, and such methods are still used by farmers today.
The Romans introduced the sakia 2,300 years ago and they are still used today to raise water from underground wells. Some farmers now use electrical pumps to take water from the Nile onto farmland. Crops grown along the Nile and fish caught in the river provide food for the people of Egypt. With a growing population there is an increasing pressure on these resources.