How Are Moles Treated? If a dermatologist believes a mole needs to be evaluated further, he or she will do aPbiopsy by shavingPor cutting out the entire spot so that it can be evaluated under the microscope. This is a simple procedure. (If the dermatologist thinks the mole might be cancerous, cutting through the mole will not cause the cancer to spread. )
If the mole is found to be cancerous, the dermatologist will cut out the entire mole or scar from the biopsy site by cutting out the entire area and a rim of normal skin around it, and stitching the wound closed. A is a small flap of tissue that hangs off the skin by a connecting stalk. are not dangerous. They are usually found on the neck, chest, back, armpits, under the, or in the groin area. appear most often in women, especially with gain, and in elderly people. Skin tags usually don\’t cause any pain. However, they can become irritated if anything, such as clothing, jewelry, or skin rubs against them. How Are Skin Tags Treated? Your dermatologist can remove a skin tag by cutting it off with a scalpel or scissors, with cryosurgery (freezing it off), or with electrosurgery (burning it off with an electric current). A lentigo (plural: lentigines) is a spot on the skin that is darker (usually brown) than the surrounding skin.
Lentigines are more common among whites, especially those with fair skin. What Causes Lentigines? Exposure to the sun seems to be the major cause of lentigines. Lentigines most often appear on parts of the body that get the most sun, including the face and hands. Some lentigines may be caused by genetics (family history) or by medical procedures such as. How Are Lentigines Treated? Can Lentigines Be Prevented? The best way to prevent lentigines is to stay out of the sun as much as possible, especially between the hours of 10 a. m. and 2 p. m. Use a broad-spectrum with an SPF of 30 when outdoors, and wear protective clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts, pants, and a wide-brimmed hat. Avoid using tanning beds. True moles can be treated by surgical removal. Moles cannot be treated by fading or lightening creams, bleaches, freezing, or other chemicals. Moles can easily be removed by fairly minor, in-office procedures, including shave removal, or full surgical excision. Regular moles do not necessarily need to be treated. Changing or medically suspicious moles must be surgically removed and sent to a lab for special tissue examination called pathology. Some people like their moles while others may be more bothered by their appearance.
The cosmetic improvement of the skin is a frequent request among people with moles. Moles are desired by some people who feel they confer uniqueness (like Cindy Crawford). Other moles produce potential negative social perceptions. Although lasers may be used in some countries and by some medical centers to remove some types of moles, laser treatments are not recommended for moles. Irregular moles need to be surgically removed and the tissue sent for testing. While sun spots or lentigines may respond to bleaching or fading creams, freezing with liquid nitrogen, laser, intense pulsed light, and chemical peels, true melanocytic nevi should not be treated by these methods. Should my moles be removed using Mohs surgery? No. is not for mole removal. It is primarily designed for removing skin cancers. Moles are usually removed by standard or traditional surgery. The rapid freezing technique used for Mohs surgery tends to distort mole cells and may make the removed tissue more difficult to examine under the microscope. Is there scarring from mole removal? When the skin is cut, there will be some type of scaring produced by the healing process.
Some people heal better than others. Some scars are more noticeable depending on their location and skin type. There are many options for treatment of surgical scars, including lasers, scar creams and gels, cortisone injections, and many other choices depending on the scar. Discuss ways to help minimize scarring with a doctor. Can a plastic surgeon remove my mole? Yes. surgeons may have additional and specialized training in cosmetic skin-growth removal. Regardless of what type of doctor removes a mole, it is important to keep in mind that all mole removals will leave some type of scar. Is there pain after mole removal surgery? Most people report no or minimal discomfort after mole-removal surgery and require no medication. If there is, many people find that they prefer to take something for pain at the first hint of discomfort instead of waiting until the pain builds up to an unbearable level. If someone has mild or moderate pain, a doctor may advise taking ( ) or another over the counter. or aspirin-containing pain relievers may cause increased bleeding. Rarely, prescription pain medications may be required for severe pain. Can my mole grow back after removal? Yes, depending on how it was removed, there is a small chance that a mole can recur after mole surgery.
It is important to understand that no surgery has a 100% cure rate. A few mole cells may remain in the skin and may recur in the same or adjacent area. Some moles are more aggressive than others and need additional treatment and closer follow-up. Good follow-up appointments with a physician are very important, especially in the first few years after irregular mole removal. Many people are seen every six to 12 months after their diagnosis of atypical moles. More regular follow-up appointments may be needed for those with more aggressive moles or moles in high-risk areas. A physician will recommend the proper follow-up for someone s specific condition. Can people go out in the sun after mole removal surgery? Yes. There are no specific sun restrictions after mole removal surgery. People may go out in the sun with sunscreen and protective hats and clothing. Overall, the sun is no one s friend and should be avoided in excess. Excess sun exposure has been linked to melanoma. Use of sunscreen or other cover-up on the scar is very helpful for at least six months after surgery to help minimize scarring. It is important to follow the physician s instructions for and sun protection.