Cigarettes contain nicotine, which is highly addictive. Even if you want to quit smoking, you may find it difficult because youre addicted to the effects of nicotine. Nicotine alters the balance of two chemicals, called dopamine and noradrenaline,Pin your brain. When nicotine changes the levels of these chemicals, your mood and concentration levels change. Many smokers find this enjoyable. The changes happen very quickly. When you inhale the nicotine, it immediately rushes to your brain, where it produces feelings of pleasure and reduces stress and anxiety. This is why many smokers enjoy the nicotine rush and become dependent on it. The more you smoke, the more your brain becomes used to the nicotine.
This means you have to smoke more to get the same effect. When you stop smoking, the loss of nicotine changes the levels of dopamine and noradrenaline. This can make you feel anxious, depressed and irritable. Its normal to crave nicotine when you quit, as smoking provides an immediate fix to these unpleasant feelings. can be very strong, making it difficult to quit using just your willpower. If you want to stop smoking, see your GP, who can refer you to an NHS Stop Smoking support service. These services offer the best support for people who want to give up smoking. Studies show that youre up toPfour times more likely to quit smoking if you do it through the NHS. NHS Stop SmokingPprogrammes can provide such asPnicotine patches and gum, or medicine treatments to help you stop smoking for free on prescription.
They also provide counselling, support and advice. Find your nearest NHS Stop Smoking service from the PorPcall thePSmokefree nationalPhelpline to speak to a trained adviser, on 0300 123 1044 (England only). If you dont want to be referred to an NHS Stop Smoking support service, your GP can still provide treatment, support and advice to help you quit smoking. Read the answers to more.
Here are some common reasons why people say they smoke.
Addiction Nicotine is the main addictive substance in cigarettes and other forms of tobacco. Nicotine is a drug that affects many parts of your body, including your brain. Over time, your body and brain get used to having nicotine in them. About 80в90% of people who smoke regularly are addicted to nicotine. Nicotine reaches your brain within 10 seconds of when it enters your body. It causes the brain to release adrenaline, and that creates a buzz of pleasure and energy. The buzz quickly fades, though. Then you may feel tired or a little downвand you may want that buzz again. Your body is able to build up a high tolerance to nicotine, so youвll need to smoke more cigarettes to get that same buzz.
This up and down cycle happens over and over. Thatвs what leads to addiction. When people donвt smoke, they may have withdrawal symptoms. Thatвs because their bodies have to get used to not having nicotine. Withdrawal symptoms may include: Learn more about. Medication called can help reduce cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Your VA health care provider can give you a prescription for NRT. Itвs also available without a prescription from your local pharmacy. Addiction is the main reason people smoke, but itвs not the only reason.