When it\’s time for a, you know what to do. You pack your books and electronic devices into a bag and jump in the back. Before you can pull out of the driveway, though, there\’s one thing you need to do. What is it? Buckle up, of course! When you ride in a car or a truck, you always have to wear a. It\’s such a common thing to do, you probably don\’t even think twice about it. And everyone knows why:. If you\’re ever in an,
belts can save your life and injuries. If you\’re like most kids around the country, though, there\’s probably one ride where you don\’t have to wear a. Where\’s that? To! In fact, the of buses across the United States do not have belts. Have you ever WONDERed why? Does it seem strange to pack dozens of lives into a and send it speeding down the road without any belts? Today, the United States, through the National Highway Traffic Administration (NHTSA), does not require belts on buses weighing over 10,000 pounds. Federal law does require belts on lighter buses, but the decision for larger buses is left to the states. To date, only six states (California, Florida, Louisiana, New Jersey, New York, and Texas) require belts on buses, and some of those states only require them on newer buses. Why wouldn\’t the federal require buses to have belts? The simple answer is that they don\’t need them. In a cost/benefit analysis, the cost of adding belts to buses outweighs any potential benefits, according to NHTSA studies. Modern buses are large and heavy, and their passengers sit high off the.
This means they are safe. Each year, over 400,000 public buses carry almost 25 million children more than 4 billion miles. Yet, fewer than 10 children die each year in accidents, and studies show that belts would not have prevented most of those deaths. By way of comparison, about 800 children die each year while walking, biking, or riding in a car. The National Council concluded that buses are 40 times safer than the average family car, making them the safest of all forms of. buses are designed to be safe. seats have high backs and lots of cushioning. In addition, they\’re packed together tightly to achieve. In the event of a crash, the seats absorb most of the impact, protecting the children who sit in them. Not only would adding belts to buses be costly, experts cannot agree on what type of belts should even be used. Because children tend to move around a lot, there\’s no guarantee they would use belts, if installed, or use them properly. drivers certainly cannot be tasked with enforcing proper use, because their attention must remain focused on the task of driving. Given that experts believe that adding belts to buses would have very little, if any, impact on, most states have concluded that there\’s simply not enough benefit to justify the cost of adding belts to buses. And the cost to do so is not. Experts estimate adding belts to all buses could easily cost each state over $100 million. Experts also fear that adding belts to buses would reduce overall capacity.
To the extent that fewer children can ride buses, they might be forced to seek other means of getting to and from в means that have proven to be more dangerous than riding a without belts. On the rare occasion that there is a collision involving a school bus, the question is always raised as to whether there is a need for seat belts in school buses. School buses have an enviable safety record. They are already one of the safest methods of transportation. It is 16 times safer than travelling in a family car per passenger/kilometre of travel. Safety experts, including the Canada Safety Council, do not believe seat belts on school buses would improve safety. There is no scientific evidence that lives would be saved. Transport Canada has applied approximately 40 safety standards to the design and construction of school buses made in and imported into Canada. These include specialized brake systems, lighting, emergency exits, escape hatches in the roof, and high padded seatbacks that cushion the impact of a crash. School buses are not passenger vehicles. They are built to rely on safety not on seat belts, and are designed and constructed differently from passenger cars. They are bigger, heavier, and higher so they have a body-on-frame design. Newer systems, such as an anti-lock braking system would be more beneficial. School buses protect passengers through Бcompartmentalization,Б a design that includes: Strong seat anchorages. Research has shown that lap belts could actually increase the risk of head injuries in a head-on collision (the most common type of bus collision).
By holding the childБs pelvis firmly in place, the torso would whip forward; with the head striking the back of the seat in front of them with greater force than if the whole body had hit the seat. This could result in serious head and neck injuries. Combination lap and shoulder belts would require stiffer seats, which could increase injury to students who are not buckled up. The driver cannot ensure that every child has their seat belt on; some buses can carry up to 70 children. Moreover, the shoulder belts can lead to abdominal injuries because of БsubmariningБ Б when children slip down, risking injuries to organs covered by the lap belts. Beyond certain engineering problems, someone would need to ensure the seat belts are used, adjusted properly between uses by smaller children and larger children and repaired when damaged. In an emergency, seatbelts could hinder evacuation. Young children should not be placed in a situation where they are responsible for their safety. Although school buses have an excellent safety record, mishaps can happen. These mishaps can happen on the bus, however, it is more common for injuries to be sustained once outside the bus, including being hit by their own school bus or other vehicles. Children who walk to school or use other forms of transportation are exposed to higher risk than travelling on the school bus.